Research Subjects: Eyewitness Accounts

British Memoirs of the Napoleonic Wars: Aides-de-Camp

By Robert Burnham

Depending on their position, every British general officer was authorized at least one aide-de-camp (ADC). If an individual was an authorized ADC, an allowance was provided for his meals and for the upkeep of his horses. Additionally, a general could have extra aides-de-camp. However, the army would not provide any monies for his meals and upkeep of his horses, beyond what any other officer of his rank would receive.

Brandis, Eberhard von. "Extracts from 'Reminiscences of German Officers in British Service from the Wars 1805 to 1816', published in 1864" in Gareth Glover (ed.). The Waterloo Archive Volume V: German Sources. Barnsley: Frontline, 2013. Pages 49 - 60.

Notes: was a lieutenant and the aide-de-camp to Colonel Ompteda.

Bridgeman, Orlando. A Young Gentleman at War: the Letters of Captain Orlando Bridgeman 1st Foot Guards in the Peninsula and at Waterloo 1812 – 15.  Gareth Glover (ed.). Godmanchester: Ken Trotman, 2008.  186 pages.

Notes: Was in the 3rd Battalion 1st Foot Guards throughout his time in the Peninsula (June 1812 - March 1814); was severely wounded at the siege of San Sebastian; served as an extra ADC to General Hill during the Waterloo Campaign.

Bridgeman, Orlando. "Letters, 21 June - 17 July 1815" in Gareth Glover (ed.). The Waterloo Archive Volume IV: British Sources. Barnsley: Frontline, 2012. Pages 25 -31

Notes: was a captain in the 1st Battalion 1st Foot Guards; served as an aide-de-camp to General Rowland Hill. These letters are the same as in the source above.

Cathcart, George. "Waterloo Letters #15 & 16, dated 13 April and 24 December 1835" in Waterloo Letters. Herbert T. Siborne (ed.). London: Greenhill, 1993. Pages 32 - 35

Notes: was a lieutenant in the 6th Dragoon Guards and an extra aide-de-camp to Wellington during the Waterloo Campaign.

Churchill, Horace. "Letter to His Father dated 24 June 1815" in Gareth Glover (ed.). The Waterloo Archive Volume VI: British Sources. Barnsley: Frontline, 2014. Pages 3 - 8

Notes: was a captain in the 1st Foot Guards and ADC to General Hill. He had three horses shot out from under him at Waterloo.

Cuyler, Augustus. "Letter # 94, dated 13 November 1833" in Letters from the Battle of Waterloo: Unpublished Correspondence by Allied Officers from the Siborne Papers. Gareth Glover (ed.). London: Greenhill; 2004. Page 157

Notes: was an ensign in the 2nd Battalion 2nd Foot Guards; served as an extra aide-de-camp to Major General George Cooke, commander of the 1st Division at Waterloo.

Edwardes-Tuckers, Thomas. Captain Thomas Edwardes-Tuckers Peninsular Diary, 23rd (Royal Welch Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot, 1813-14 A.D.C to Sir Thomas Picton. Gareth Glover (ed.). Ken Trotman: Godmanchester, 2011. 48 pages.

Notes: Challis Index lists his family name as Tucker; was ADC from January 1813-April 1814.

Egerton, Richard. "Letter #3, dated 7 October 1845" in Letters from the Battle of Waterloo: Unpublished Correspondence by Allied Officers from the Siborne Papers. Gareth Glover (ed.). London: Greenhill; 2004. Pages 28 - 29

Notes: was a captain in the 34th Foot; was an aide-de-camp to the General Rowland Hill at Waterloo.

Evans, De Lacy. "Waterloo Letters #30 - 33, various dates" in Waterloo Letters. Herbert T. Siborne (ed.). London: Greenhill, 1993. Pages 59 - 65

Notes: was a major in the 5th West Indian Regiment and an extra aide-de-camp to General Ponsonby.

Fane, John. Memoir of the Early Campaigns of the Duke of Wellington in Portugal and Spain by an Officer Employed in His Army. London: John Murray; 1820. 234 pages.

Notes:  Aide-de-Camp to Wellington 1808 – 1810. Succeeded his father as 11th Earl of Westmorland in 1841; best known by his courtesy title of Lord Burghersh.  Married Wellington's niece in 1811.

Fitzclarence, George. "The British Campaign of 1809 under Sir A. Wellesley" published in William Maxwell's Peninsular Sketches; by Actors on the Scene Cambridge: Ken Trotman; 1998. 2 vols. 389 & 399 pages.

Notes: Vol. 1; Pages 64 – 217. The illegitimate son of William, Duke of Clarence and Mrs Jordan, grandson of George III.  Created Earl of Munster 1831 when his father became William IV.  Served as ADC to Charles Stewart, the Adjutant-General 1809-11.

Fremantle, John. Wellington’s Voice: the Candid Letters of Lieutenant Colonel John Fremantle, Coldstream Guards, 1808-1837. Glover, Gareth (ed.). Barnsley: Frontline, 2012. 351 pages.

Notes: a collection of over 300 letters written by John Fremantle over a 29 year span from 1808 to 1837.  The vast majority of these letters cover his time in the Peninsula and the Waterloo Campaigns; was an aide-de-camp to Wellington, both in the Peninsula and at Waterloo; was in the 1st Battalion 2nd Foot Guards.

Fremantle, John. "Waterloo Letter #11, dated 20 November 1842" in Waterloo Letters. Herbert T. Siborne (ed.). London: Greenhill, 1993. Pages 21 - 22.

Notes: Siborne spells his name as Freemantle; was a lieutenant colonel in the 1st Battalion 2nd Foot Guards and an aide-de-camp to Wellington at Waterloo.

Fremantle, John. "Letter to His Uncle dated 19 June 1815" in Gareth Glover (ed.). The Waterloo Archive Volume VI: British Sources. Barnsley: Frontline, 2014. Pages 1 - 2

Notes: was an ADC to Wellington at Waterloo.

Gordon, Alexander. At Wellington’s Right Hand: the Letters of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Alexander Gordon, 1808 – 1815. Rory Muir (ed) Phoenix Mill: Sutton, 2003.  458 pages.

Notes: Aide-de-Campt to General David Baird in the Corunna Campaign and as Aide-de-Camp to Wellington from 1809 - 1815. Killed at Waterloo.

Gore, Charles. "Letter # 172, dated 23 September 1842" in Letters from the Battle of Waterloo: Unpublished Correspondence by Allied Officers from the Siborne Papers. Gareth Glover (ed.). London: Greenhill; 2004. Pages 264 - 266

Notes: was a captain and aide-de-camp to General James Kempt, commander of the 8th Brigade 5th Division at Waterloo.

Gronow, Rees H.  Captain Gronow: His Reminiscences of Regency and Victorian Life: 1810 – 60. Hibbert, Christopher (ed.) London: Kyle Cathie; 1991. 332 pages.

Notes: 2nd Battalion 1st Foot Guards in Peninsula 1813 - 1814; ADC to General Picton during Waterloo Campaign

Hay, Andrew Leith. A Narrative of the Peninsular War. 2 vols.Godmanchester: Ken Trotman, 2008. 636 pages.

Notes: In the Peninsula with the 29th Foot from July 1809 to March 1810; ADC to his uncle, General Leith, from April 1810 to April 1814; also served as an exploring officer in 1813.

Kinloch, Charles.  A Hellish Business:  the Letters of Captain Charles Kinloch 52nd Light Infantry 1806 – 1816. Gareth Glover (ed.). Godmanchester: Ken Trotman, 2007.  247 pages. 

Notes: in 2nd Battalion; in the Copenhagen Campaign; with the ill-fated British force under Moore in Spain; and then with the Walcheran Expedition; in 1st Battalion in Peninsula from 1810 - 1812; January - April 1814 as ADC to General Hope.  He missed Waterloo, because he was assigned to the 2nd Battalion, however he was ordered to join the regiment as a replacement for an officer who was killed.  He stayed with the Occupation Army in Paris for a year.

Lennox, WIlliam P. "Waterloo Letter #17, dated 22 February 1843" in Waterloo Letters. Herbert T. Siborne (ed.). London: Greenhill, 1993. Pages 35 - 39

Notes: was a cornet in the Royal Horse Guards and an extra aide-de-camp to General Maitland.

Mackworth, Digby. "Waterloo Diary, dated 30 March - 18 June 1815" in Gareth Glover (ed.). The Waterloo Archive Volume IV: British Sources. Barnsley: Frontline, 2012. Pages 7 - 25

Notes: was a captain and aide-de-camp to General Rowland Hill at Waterloo.

Seymour, Horace. "Waterloo Letters #9 & 10, dated 21 and 30 November 1842" in Waterloo Letters. Herbert T. Siborne (ed.). London: Greenhill, 1993. Pages 18 - 21.

Notes: was a captain in the 60th Foot and aide-de-camp to Lord Uxbridge at Waterloo.

Shaw-Kennedy, James. A Private Journal of Gen. Craufurd’s Out-post Operations on the Coas and Agueda in 1810. Printed in Frederick Fitzclarence’s A Manual of Out-post Duties.  London: Parker, Furnivall and Parker, 1851. 233 pages.

Notes: Shaw-Kennedy was the aide-de-camp to General Robert Craufurd.

Stanhope. James H. A Staff Officer in the Peninsula and at Waterloo: the Letters of the Honourable Lieutenant Colonel James Stanhope 1st Foot Guards 1809-15. Gareth Glover (ed.) Godmanchester: Ken Trotman, 2007. 44 pages.

Stanhope. James H. Eyewitness to the Peninsular War and the Battle of Waterloo: the Letters and Journals of Lieutenant Colonel the Honourable James Stanhope 1803 to 1825. Gareth Glover (ed.) Barnsley: Pen and Sword, 2010. 258 pages.

Notes: Was in 1st Foot Guards; ADC to Sir John Moore in Corunna Campaign, General Thomas Graham at Cadiz; possibly Wellington at Ciudad Rodrigo; left Peninsula in the early summer of 1812, but returned in fall as the ADC to General Paget; was a DAQG and was serverely wounded during the siege of San Sebastian. Returned back to England in summer of 1813, was an ADC to the Duke of York and then served with General Graham in Holland in 1813 and 1814. Was with his regiment at Waterloo.

Thornhill, William. "Waterloo Letter #8, a Letter to General Frederic Stovin, dated 16 July 1839" in Waterloo Letters. Herbert T. Siborne (ed.). London: Greenhill, 1993. Pages 16 - 17.

Notes: was a major in the 7th Hussars and aide-de-camp to Lord Uxbridge at Waterloo.

Vandeleur, John. With Wellington's Outposts: the Peninsular and Waterloo Letters of John Vandeleur. Andrew Bamford (ed.) Barnsley: Frontline, 2015. 224 pages. ISBN: 978-1848327740

Notes: was an ensign in the 71st Foot in the Pensinsula from September 1810 - June 1811; seriously wounded at Fuentes de Oñoro. Was a lieutenant in the 12th Light Dragoons from September 1812 - April 1814. Was at Waterloo. ADC to General John Ormsby Vandeleur from August 1813 - April 1814.

Warre, William. Letters from the Peninsula: 1808 - 1812 Staplehurst: Spellmount; 1999. 231 pages. ISBN: 1-86227-037-6

Notes: Aide to General Ferguson at Rolica and Vimeiro; principal aide to Marshal Beresford from 1809 - 1812.

Webster, Henry. "Letter #2, dated 20 September 1836" in Letters from the Battle of Waterloo: Unpublished Correspondence by Allied Officers from the Siborne Papers. Gareth Glover (ed.). London: Greenhill; 2004. Page 28

Notes: was a lieutenant in the 9th Light Dragoons; was an extra aide-de-camp to the Prince of Orange at Waterloo.

Webster, Henry. "Memoir" in Gareth Glover (ed.). The Waterloo Archive Volume VI: British Sources. Barnsley: Frontline, 2014. Pages 2 - 3

Notes: was a lieutenant in the 9th Light Dragoons; was an extra aide-de-camp to the Prince of Orange at Waterloo.

Wildman, Thomas. "Letter to His Mother dated 19 June 1815" in Gareth Glover (ed.). The Waterloo Archive Volume VI: British Sources. Barnsley: Frontline, 2014. Pages 8 - 11

Notes: was a lieutenant in the 7th Hussars; was an aide-de-camp to the Earl of Uxbridge at Waterloo.

Wildman, Thomas. The Young Hussar: the Peninsular War Journal of Colonel THomas Wildman of Newstead Abbey. Michael Birks (ed.). Sussex: Book Guild, 2007. 217 pages.

Notes: Was in 7th Hussars. Journal covers Peninsular service from 30 August 1813 - 29 August 1814; was an extra aide-de-camp to the Earl of Uxbridge at Waterloo; the book contains a long letter written by Wildman on 19 June 1815 to his mother.

Woodford, John G. "Letter to His Brother Alexander, dated 19 June 1815" in Gareth Glover (ed.). The Waterloo Archive Volume IV: British Sources. Barnsley: Frontline, 2012. Pages 6 - 7

Notes: was a lieutenant colonel and extra aide-de-camp to Wellington; was in 1st Battalion 1st Foot Guards, but initially served as an assistant quartermaster general in Coleville's Division.

Wylly, Edward A. E. "Letter to the Duke of Wellington Regarding the New Orleans Expedition" in The Pakenham Letters from the Peninsula Darlington: Napoleonic Archive; nd. 39 pages.

Note: Captain Wylly was the military secretary to Sir Edward Pakenham. Letter is dated 4 March 1815.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2013

 

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