Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Army Individual Unit Strengths: 1808-1815
The Infantry Part III: 50th - 104th Foot and Provisional Units

By Andrew Bamford

 

50th Foot, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); September 1810 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 46 months). Total coverage, 54 months.

51st Light Infantry:[1] December 1808 (Peninsula – 1 month); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); March 1811 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 39 months); April to July 1815 (Flanders – 4 months). Total coverage, 45 months.

52nd Light Infantry, 1st Battalion: September 1808 to January 1809 (Peninsula – 5 months)[2]; July 1809 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 60 months); April to July 1815 (Flanders – 4 months). Total coverage, 69 months.

52nd Light Infantry, 2nd Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); March 1811 to February 1812 (Peninsula – 12 months); December 1813 to March 1815 (Flanders – 16 months). Total coverage, 33 months.

53rd Foot, 2nd Battalion: May 1809 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 61 months)[3]. Total coverage, 61 months.

54th Foot: July to October 1813 (Germany – 4 months); December 1813 to July 1815 (Flanders – 20 months). Total coverage, 24 months.

55th Foot: December 1813 to May 1814 (Flanders – 6 months). Total coverage, 6 months.

56th Foot, 3rd Battalion: December 1813 to August 1814 (Flanders – 9 months). Total coverage, 9 months.

57th Foot, 1st Battalion: September 1808 to June 1809 (Gibraltar – 10 months); July 1809 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 59 months); August 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 10 months). Total coverage, 79 months.

58th Foot, 1st Battalion: April 1813 to April 1814 (East Coast Spain – 13 months); August 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 10 months). Total coverage, 23 months.

58th Foot, 2nd Battalion: July 1809 to May 1814(Peninsula – 59 months)[4]. Total coverage, 59 months.

59th Foot, 2nd Battalion: December 1808 (Peninsula – 1 month); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); September 1812 to March 1813 (Cadiz – 7 months); April 1813 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 15 months); May to July 1815 (Flanders – 3 months). Total coverage, 27 months.

60th Foot, 2nd Battalion: December 1808 (Peninsula – 1 month). Total coverage, 1 month.

60th Foot, 5th Battalion (Rifles): September 1808 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 70 months)[5]. Total coverage, 70 months.

60th Foot, 7th Battalion: June 1814 to July 1815 (Nova Scotia – 14 months). Total coverage, 14 months.

60th Foot, 8th Battalion:[6] December 1810 to July 1814 (Cadiz – 44 months); August 1814 to July 1815 (Gibraltar – 12 months). Total coverage, 56 months.

61st Foot, 1st Battalion: September 1808 to May 1809 (Gibraltar – 9 months); June 1809 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 60 months). Total coverage, 69 months.

62nd Foot, 1st Battalion: August 1814 to July 1815 (Nova Scotia – 12 months). Total coverage, 12 months.

62nd Foot, 2nd Battalion: October 1813 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 9 months). Total coverage, 9 months.

64th Foot: June 1813 to April 1815 (Nova Scotia – 23 months); July 1815 (Flanders – 1 month). Total coverage, 24 months.

66th Foot, 2nd Battalion: May 1809 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 62 months)[7]. Total coverage, 62 months.

67th Foot, 2nd Battalion: September and October 1810 (Gibraltar – 2 months); December 1810 to March 1813 (Cadiz/Carthagena – 28 months)[8]; April 1813 to March 1814 (East Coast Spain – 12 months); May 1814 to July 1815 (Gibraltar – 15 months). Total coverage, 57 months.

68th Light Infantry: August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); July 1811 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 36 months).

69th Foot, 2nd Battalion: December 1813 to July 1815 (Flanders – 20 months). Total coverage, 20 months.

70th Foot: November 1813 to July 1815 (Canada – 21 months). Total coverage, 21 months.

71st Highland Light Infantry, 1st Battalion:[9] September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); September 1810 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 46 months); April to July 1815 (Flanders – 4 months). Total coverage, 58 months.

73rd Highlanders, 2nd Battalion: July to October 1813 (Germany – 4 months); December 1813 to July 1815 (Flanders – 20 months). Total coverage, 24 months.

74th Highlanders: February 1810 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 53 months). Total coverage, 53 months.

76th Foot: December 1808 (Peninsula – 1 month); August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); August 1813 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 10 months); August 1814 to July 1815 (Canada – 12 months). Total coverage, 27 months.

77th Foot: August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); July 1811 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 36 months). Total coverage, 40 months.

78th Highlanders, 2nd Battalion: January 1814 to July 1815 (Flanders – 19 months). Total coverage, 19 months.

79th Highlanders, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); February and March 1810 (Peninsula – 2 months); April to June 1810 (Cadiz – 3 months)[10]; July 1810 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 53 months); June and July 1815 (Flanders – 2 months). Total coverage, 65 months.

81st Foot, 1st Battalion: April 1813 to April 1814 (East Coast Spain – 13 months); August 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 10 months)[11]. Total coverage, 23 months.

81st Foot, 2nd Battalion: February 1814 to July 1815 (Flanders – 18 months). Total coverage, 18 months.

82nd Foot, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); March 1810 to May 1812 (Gibraltar – 26 months); June 1812 to April 1814 (Peninsula – 23 months); July 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 11 months); total coverage, 65 months.

83rd Foot, 2nd Battalion: May 1809 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 62 months). Total coverage, 62 months.

84th Foot, 2nd Battalion: August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); August 1813 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 11 months). Total coverage, 15 months.

85th Light Infantry: August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); March to October 1811 (Peninsula – 8 months); August 1813 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 10 months); June 1814 to February 1815 (American Coast – 9 months). Total coverage, 31 months.

87th Foot, 2nd Battalion: April 1809 to March 1810 (Peninsula – 12 months); April 1810 to September 1812 (Cadiz – 30 months)[12]; October 1812 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 21 months). Total coverage, 63 months.

88th Foot, 1st Battalion: April 1809 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 62 months); August 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 10 months); July 1815 (Flanders – 1 month). Total coverage, 73 months.

88th Foot, 2nd Battalion: July 1809 to January 1810 (Gibraltar – 7 months); March 1810 to July 1810 (Cadiz - 5 months); August 1810 to June 1811 (Peninsula – 11 months). Total coverage, 16 months.

89th Foot, 2nd Battalion: June 1810 to March 1812 (Gibraltar – 22 months); October 1812 to April 1813 (Nova Scotia – 7 months); June 1813 to May 1815 (Canada – 24 months). Total coverage, 53 months.

90th Foot, 1st Battalion:[13] July 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 11 months). Total coverage, 11 months.

91st Highlanders, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); October 1812 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 21 months); April to July 1815 (Flanders – 4 months). Total coverage, 33 months.

91st Highlanders, 2nd Battalion: July to December 1813 (Germany – 6 months); February to August 1814 (Flanders – 7 months). Total coverage, 13 months.

92nd Highlanders, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); October 1810 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 45 months); May to July 1815 (Flanders – 3 months). Total coverage, 53 months.

93rd Highlanders, 1st Battalion: November 1814 to February 1815 (American Coast – 4 months). Total coverage, 4 months.

93rd Highlanders, 2nd Battalion: July 1814 to July 1815 (Nova Scotia – 13 months). Total coverage, 13 months.

94th Foot: February and March 1810 (Peninsula – 2 months); April to August 1810 (Cadiz – 5 months)[14]; September 1810 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 46 months). Total coverage, 53 months.

95th Rifles, 1st Battalion:[15] September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months)[16]; July 1809 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 60 months); May to July 1815 (Flanders – 3 months). Total coverage, 67 months.

1/95th Rifles (Detachment): January 1814 to April 1815 (Flanders – 16 months). Total coverage, 16 months.[17]

95th Rifles, 2nd Battalion:[18] September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months)[19]; August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); September 1810 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 46 months)[20]; April to July 1815 (Flanders – 4 months). Total coverage, 55 months.

95th Rifles, 2nd Battalion (Detachment A): April 1810 to September 1812 (Cadiz – 30 months). Total coverage, 30 months.[21]

95th Rifles, 2nd Battalion (Detachment B): January 1814 to March 1815 (Flanders – 15 months). Total coverage, 15 months.[22]

95th Rifles, 3rd Battalion:[23] April 1810 to June 1811 (Cadiz – 15 months); July 1811 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 36 months); December 1814 to February 1815 (American Coast – 3 months); July 1815 (Flanders – 1 month). Total coverage, 55 months.[24]

95th Rifles, 3rd Battalion (Detachment A): October 1810 to June 1811 (Peninsula – 9 months). Total coverage, 9 months.[25]

95th Rifles, 3rd Battalion (Detachment B): January 1814 to June 1815 (Flanders – 18 months). Total coverage, 18 months.[26]

95th Rifles, Provisional Battalion: [27] December 1813 (Flanders – 1 month). Total coverage, 1 month.

97th Foot: September 1808 to October 1811 (Peninsula – 38 months); July 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 11 months). Total coverage, 49 months.

98th Foot: January 1812 to April 1815 (Nova Scotia – 40 months)[28]. Total coverage, 40 months.

99th Foot: January 1812 to July 1815 (Nova Scotia – 43 months). Total coverage, 43 months.

100th Foot: January 1812 to July 1815 (Canada – 43 months). Total coverage, 43 months.

102nd Foot: October 1812 to July 1815 (Nova Scotia – 34 months)[29]. Total coverage, 34 months.

103rd Foot: July 1812 to July 1815 (Canada – 37 months). Total coverage, 37 months.

104th Foot:[30] January 1812 to January 1813 (Nova Scotia – 13 months); March 1813 to July 1815 (Canada – 29 months). Total coverage, 42 months.

104th Foot (Detachment): February 1813 to October 1814 (Nova Scotia – 20 months). Total coverage, 20 months.[31]

First Battalion of Detachments:[32] February to August 1809 (Peninsula – 7). Total coverage, 7 months.

Second Battalion of Detachments:[33] February to August 1809 (Peninsula – 7). Total coverage, 7 months.

Corps of Embodied Detachments:[34] August 1809 (Walcheren – 1). Total coverage, one month.

1st Provisional Battalion:[35] August 1811 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 35). Total coverage, 35 months.

2nd Provisional Battalion:[36] December 1812 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 18). Total coverage, 18 months.

3rd Provisional Battalion:[37] December 1812 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 18). Total coverage, 18 months.

4th Provisional Battalion:[38] December 1812 to April 1813 (Peninsula – 5). Total coverage, 5 months.

Notes:

[1] Converted to Light Infantry 1809 – in earlier returns as 51st Foot.

[2] January 1809 data from battalion return in WO17/167.

[3] From December 1812, four companies only as part of 2nd Provisional Battalion.

[4] From December 1812, four companies only as part of 3rd Provisional Battalion.

[5] Data for February to April 1809 is combined total for the two wings in which this battalion was then operating.

[6] Variously known as Depot of Foreign Deserters, and German Battalion, before being taken into the line with this designation in January 1814.

[7] From June 1811, part of (1st) Provisional Battalion.

[8] On Cadiz returns December 1810 to June 1812, with gap for February 1812. This, and missing data for July 1812 to March 1813, filled by reference to battalion returns in WO17/188 and /264.

[9] Converted to Light Infantry 1809 – in earlier returns as 71st Highlanders.

[10] April 1810 data also duplicated under Peninsula.

[11] Additional data for June and July 1815 relates to detachment left behind when battalion left the station.

[12] April 1810 data also duplicated under Peninsula.

[13] Became Light Infantry 1815.

[14] April 1810 data also duplicated under Peninsula.

[15] See also detachment, listed below.

[16] Until December 1808, all data is for detachment of four companies only.

[17] Reabsorbed into parent battalion May 1815. For December 1813 data, see Provisional Rifle Battalion.

[18] See also detachments, listed below.

[19] Until December 1808, all data is for detachment of four companies only.

[20] Data initially refers to single company, reinforced by increments to battalion strength.

[21] Transferred to Peninsula and reabsorbed into parent battalion October 1812.

[22] Reabsorbed into parent battalion April 1815. For December 1813 data, see Provisional Rifle Battalion.

[23] See also detachments, listed below.

[24] Data for July 1815 includes Detachment B as below, although this element of the battalion remained independent.

[25] Single company, absorbed by main body of battalion upon the latter transferring to Peninsula July 1811.

[26] Listed with main body of battalion for July 1815, but remained detached. For December 1813 data, see Provisional Rifle Battalion.

[27] Formed of two companies 3/95th and one each 1/ and 2/95th, all subsequently listed individually.

[28] Detached, in part or whole, to Bermuda for much of the period.

[29] Until July 1814, detached to Bermuda.

[30] See also detachment, listed below.

[31] Detachments on Prince Edward Island (until September 1814) and Cape Breton. Distance necessitated gaps in data being filled by out-of-date materiel, as noted on original returns.

[32] Formed from stragglers and convalescents from Sir John Moore’s late command.

[33] Formed from stragglers and convalescents from Sir John Moore’s late command.

[34] Formed from personal from Army Depot: see The Corps of Embodied Detachments, 1809

[35] Numbered upon creation of 2nd through 4th Provisional Battalions; composed of four companies 2/31st Foot, three, later four, companies 2/66th Foot, and (August to October 1811 only) three companies 29th Foot, all also listed above.

[36] Composed of four companies each of 2nd Foot and 2/53rd Foot, also listed above.

[37] Composed of four companies each of 2/24th Foot and 2/58th Foot, also listed above.

[38] Composed of four companies each of 2/30th Foot and 2/44th Foot, also listed above.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: October 2014 - January 2015

 

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