Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Army Individual Unit Strengths: 1808-1815
The Infantry Part II: 1st Foot - 49th Foot

By Andrew Bamford

 

1st Foot, 1st Battalion: August 1812 to May 1815 (Canada – 34 months). Total coverage, 34 months.

1st Foot, 3rd Battalion: December 1808 (Peninsula – 1 month); August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); April 1810 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 51 months); May to July 1815 (Flanders – 3 months). Total coverage, 59 months.

1st Foot, 4th Battalion: September to December 1814 (Germany – 4 months); February and March 1814 (Flanders – 2 months); July 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 11 months). Total coverage, 17 months.

2nd Foot: September to December 1808 (Peninsula – 4 months); August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); March 1811 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 39 months)[6]. Total coverage, 47 months.

3rd Foot, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); February 1809 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 64 months); August 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 10 months); July 1815 (Flanders – 1 month). Total coverage, 79 months.

4th Foot, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); November 1810 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 43 months); June 1814 to February 1815 (American Coast – 9 months); June and July 1815 (Flanders – 2 months). Total coverage, 59 months.

4th Foot, 2nd Battalion: August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); March 1810 to March 1812 (Gibraltar – 25 months)[7]; May 1812 to January 1813 (Peninsula – 9 months). Total coverage, 35 months.

5th Foot, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); June 1812 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 24 months); August 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 10 months); July 1815 (Flanders – 1 month). Total coverage, 43 months.

5th Foot, 2nd Battalion: July 1809 to October 1812 (Peninsula – 40 months). Total coverage, 40 months.

6th Foot, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); November 1812 to April 1814 (Peninsula – 18 months); July 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 10 months). Total coverage, 36 months.

7th Fusiliers, 1st Battalion: August 1810 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 46 months); October 1814, January and February 1815 (American Coast – 3 months)[8]; June and July 1815 (Flanders – 2 months). Total coverage, 51 months.

7th Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion: May 1809 to June 1811 (Peninsula – 26 months). Total coverage, 26 months.

8th Foot, 1st Battalion: January 1812 to May 1815 (Canada – 41 months). Total coverage, 41 months.

8th Foot, 2nd Battalion: January 1812 to November 1813 (Nova Scotia – 23 months); March 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 15 months). Total coverage, 38 months.

9th Foot, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); April 1810 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 50 months); August 1814 to June 1815 (Canada – 10 months). Total coverage, 65 months.[9]

9th Foot, 2nd Battalion: September 1808 to June 1809 (Peninsula – 10 months)[10]; July 1810 to March 1813 (Gibraltar – 33 months)[11]. Total coverage, 43 months.

10th Foot, 1st Battalion: April 1813 to March 1814 (East Coast Spain – 12 months). Total coverage, 12 months.

10th Foot, 2nd Battalion: May and June 1810 (Gibraltar – 2 months). Total coverage, 2 months.

11th Foot, 1st Battalion: August 1809 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 58 months). Total coverage, 58 months.

11th Foot, 2nd Battalion: August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month). March 1811 to July 1815 (Gibraltar – 52 months)[12].Total coverage, 53 months.

12th Foot, 2nd Battalion:  July 1815 (Flanders – 1 month). Total coverage, 1 month.

13th Foot: July 1813 to May 1815 (Canada – 23 months). Total coverage, 23 months.

14th Foot, 2nd Battalion: December 1808 (Peninsula – 1 month); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); April and May 1810 (Gibraltar – 2 months). Total coverage, 4 months.

14th Foot, 3rd Battalion: April to July 1815 (Flanders – 4 months). Total coverage, 4 months.

16th Foot: June 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 12 months). Total coverage, 12 months.

20th Foot: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); November 1812 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 19 months). Total coverage, 24 months.

21st Fusiliers, 1st Battalion: August 1814 to February 1815 (American Coast – 7 months); July 1815 (Flanders – 1 month). Total coverage, 8 months.

21st Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion: January to August 1814 (Flanders – 8 months). Total coverage, 8 months.

23rd Fusiliers, 1st Battalion: November 1810 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 43 months); April to July 1815 (Flanders – 4 months). Total coverage, 47 months.

23rd Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion: December 1808 (Peninsula - 1 month); August and September 1809 (Walcheren – 2 months). Total coverage, 3 months.

24th Foot, 2nd Battalion: May 1809 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 62 months)[13]. Total coverage, 62 months.

25th Foot, 2nd Battalion: July to October 1813 (Germany – 4 months); December 1813 to July 1815 (Flanders – 20 months). Total coverage, 24 months.

26th Foot, 1st Battalion: December 1808 (Peninsula – 1 month); August to November 1809 (Walcheren - 4 months); July 1811 to May 1812 (Peninsula – 11 months); July 1812 to July 1815 (Gibraltar – 37 months).  Total coverage, 53 months.

27th Foot, 1st Battalion: April 1813 to April 1814 (East Coast Spain – 13 months); August to October 1814 (Canada – 3 months); May to July 1815 (Flanders – 3 months). Total coverage, 19 months.

27th Foot, 2nd Battalion: April 1813 to April 1814 (East Coast Spain – 13 months). Total coverage, 13 months.

27th Foot, 3rd Battalion:[14] November 1808 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 67 months); August 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 10 months). Total coverage, 77 months.

27th Foot, 3rd Battalion (Detachment): November 1814 to April 1815 (Nova Scotia – 6 months). Total coverage, 6 months.

28th Foot, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); March 1810 to June 1811 (Gibraltar – 16 months)[15]; July 1811 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 35 months); May to July 1815 (Flanders – 3 months). Total coverage, 59 months.

28th Foot, 2nd Battalion: July 1809 to August 1811 (Peninsula – 26 months). Total coverage, 26 months.

29th Foot: September 1808 to October 1811 (Peninsula – 38 months)[16]; March 1813 to January 1814 (Cadiz – 10 months); February to May 1814 (Gibraltar – 4 months); August 1814 to April 1815 (Nova Scotia – 8 months); June and July 1815 (Flanders – 2 months). Total coverage, 62 months.

30th Foot, 2nd Battalion: May 1809 (Peninsula – 1 month)[17]; June 1809 to April 1810 (Gibraltar – 10 months); June to August 1810 (Cadiz – 3 months); October 1810 to May 1813 (Peninsula – 32 months)[18]; March 1814 to July 1815 (Flanders – 17 months). Total coverage, 63 months.

31st Foot, 2nd Battalion: November 1808 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 68 months)[19]. Total coverage, 68 months.

32nd Foot, 1st Battalion: September and October 1808 (Peninsula – 2 months); November 1808 to January 1809 (Peninsula – 3 months)[20]; August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); July 1811 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 35 months); May to July 1815 (Flanders – 3 months). Total coverage, 47 months.

33rd Foot: July to October 1813 (Germany – 4 months); December 1813 to July 1815 (Flanders – 20 months). Total coverage, 24 months.

34th Foot, 2nd Battalion: July 1809 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 60 months). Total coverage, 60 months.

35th Foot, 2nd Battalion: August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); December 1813 to July 1815 (Flanders – 20 months). Total coverage, 24 months.

36th Foot, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); March 1811 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 39 months); July 1815 (Flanders – 1 month). Total coverage, 48 months.

37th Foot, 1st Battalion: April 1812 to January 1814 (Gibraltar – 22 months); March to May 1814 (Peninsula – 3 months); August 1814 to July 1815 (Canada – 12 months). Total coverage, 37 months.

37th Foot, 2nd Battalion: December 1813 to July 1815 (Flanders – 20 months). Total coverage, 20 months.

38th Foot, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August to November 1809 (Walcheren – 4 months); June 1812 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 25 months); July 1815 (Flanders – 1 month). Total coverage, 34 months.

38th Foot, 2nd Battalion: April 1810 to January 1813 (Peninsula – 34 months). Total coverage, 34 months.

39th Foot, 1st Battalion: October 1811 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 32 months); August 1814 to May 1815 (Canada – 10 months); July 1815 (Flanders – 1 month). Total coverage, 43 months.

39th Foot, 2nd Battalion: July 1809 to January 1812 (Peninsula – 31 months). Total coverage, 31 months.

40th Foot, 1st Battalion: September 1808 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 69 months)[21]; January and February 1815 (American Coast – 2 months); May to July 1815 (Flanders – 3 months). Total coverage, 74 months.

41st Foot, 1st Battalion: January 1812 to May 1815 (Canada – 41 months). Total coverage, 41 months.

41st Foot, 2nd Battalion: May to December 1814 (Canada – 7 months). Total coverage, 7 months.

42nd Highlanders, 1st Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month); April 1812 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 26 months); May to July 1815 (Flanders – 3 months). Total coverage, 34 months.

42nd Highlanders, 2nd Battalion: July 1809 to May 1812 (Peninsula – 35 months). Total coverage, 35 months.

43rd Light Infantry, 1st Battalion: December 1808 (Peninsula – 1 month); July 1809 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 60 months); October 1814, January and February 1815 (American Coast – 3 months)[22]; June and July 1815 (Flanders – 2 months). Total coverage, 66 months.

43rd Light Infantry, 2nd Battalion: September to December 1808 (Peninsula - 4 months); August 1809 (Walcheren – 1 month). Total coverage, 5 months.

44th Foot, 1st Battalion: August 1813 to April 1814 (East Coast Spain – 9 months); June 1814 to February 1815 (American Coast – 9 months). Total coverage, 18 months.

44th Foot, 2nd Battalion: April to August 1810 (Cadiz – 5 months); October 1810 to April 1813 (Peninsula – 31 months)[23]; December 1813 to July 1815 (Flanders – 20 months). Total coverage, 56 months.

45th Foot, 1st Battalion: September 1808 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 70 months). Total coverage, 70 months.

47th Foot, 2nd Battalion: November 1809 to September 1811 (Gibraltar – 11 months); October 1810 to May 1811 (Cadiz – 8 months); August 1811 to September 1812 (Cadiz – 14 months); October 1812 to June 1814 (Peninsula – 21 months). Total coverage, 54 months.

48th Foot, 1st Battalion: September 1808 to May 1809 (Gibraltar – 9 months); June 1809 to May 1814 (Peninsula – 60 months). Total coverage, 69 months.

48th Foot, 2nd Battalion: May 1809 to June 1811 (Peninsula – 26 months). Total coverage, 26 months.

49th Foot: January 1812 to May 1815 (Canada – 41 months). Total coverage, 41 months.

Notes: 

[7] Listed in Gibraltar returns, but in fact detached throughout at Ceuta.

[8] Data coverage whilst on passage incomplete.

[9] Table also includes incomplete data for detachment left in Portugal 1809, which operated with 2/9th Foot. Data available for February, May, and June. See also February 1809 figures for 2/9th Foot.

[10] Data for February 1809, when battalion was with Mackenzie’s force sent to Cadiz, has effective figure only, but this would seem to include detachment of 1/9th Foot.

[11] Data for June and July 1811 refers to detachment at Tarifa only. Large number returned “On Command” June 1810 are “on a particular service under Brig. Bowes”.

[12] From March 1813 to July 1814 detached at Ceuta.

[13] From December 1812, four companies only as part of 3rd Provisional Battalion.

[14] See also detachment, listed below.

[15] Detached to Tarifa September 1810 to February 1811.

[16] Data for February 1809, when battalion was with Mackenzie’s force sent to Cadiz, has effective figure only. From June to August 1811 part of (1st months) Provisional Battalion.

[17] Also listed in June 1st Return for Peninsula, but had left by that of the 25th.

[18] From December 1812, four companies only as part of 4th Provisional Battalion.

[19] From June 1811, part of (1st months) Provisional Battalion.

[20] January 1809 data from battalion return in WO17/141

[21] Between February and May 1809, battalion detached at Seville and not included in army returns – data obtained from battalion returns in WO17/150.

[22] Data coverage whilst on passage incomplete.

[23] From December 1812, four companies only as part of 4th Provisional Battalion.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: June - September 2014

 

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