Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Army Individual Unit Strengths: 1808-1815
Ordnance, Engineers, and Miscellaneous

By Andrew Bamford

It is not possible to treat many of the ordnance units in the same way as infantry battalions and cavalry regiments, since there were multiple detachments deployed in different theatres at the same time. Therefore, each such detachment has been given its own table. There are also considerable inconsistencies with regards to artillery, in that in some theatres the Royal Horse Artillery, Royal Artillery, and Royal Artillery Drivers are all returned individually whilst in others some or all of these are lumped in together for a single aggregate total. Units listed here as Royal Sappers and Miners sometimes referred to in monthly returns as Engineers, Royal Engineers, &c.

Also included here are miscellaneous units such as the Royal Barrack Artificers, and the provisional units of Royal Marine infantry and artillery deployed to North America

Royal Horse Artillery, Peninsula: December 1808; August 1809 to June 1814 .Total coverage, 60 months.

Royal Artillery, American Coast: June 1814 to February 1815. Total coverage, 9 months.

Royal Artillery, Cadiz: April 1810 to July 1814. Total coverage, 52 months.

Royal Artillery, Canada: January 1812 to July 1815. Total coverage, 43 months.

Royal Artillery, East Coast Spain: April 1813 to April 1814. Total coverage, 13 months.

Royal Artillery, Flanders:[1] December 1813 to July 1815. Total coverage, 20 months.

Royal Artillery, Gibraltar: September 1808 to July 1815. Total coverage, 83 months.

Royal Artillery, Nova Scotia: January 1812 to July 1815. Total coverage, 43 months.

Royal Artillery, Peninsula:[2]  September 1808 to June 1814. Total Coverage, 70 months.

Royal Artillery, Peninsula (Detachment):[3]  November and December 1808. Total Coverage, 2 months.

Royal Artillery, Walcheren: August to November 1809. Total coverage, 4 months.

Royal Artillery Drivers, Cadiz: June 1810 to July 1814. Total coverage, 50 months.

Royal Artillery Drivers, Canada: September 1812 to July 1815. Total coverage, 35 months.

Royal Artillery Drivers, East Coast Spain: April 1813 to April 1814. Total coverage, 13 months.

Royal Artillery Drivers, Nova Scotia: January to June 1812. Total coverage, 6 months.

Royal Artillery Drivers, Peninsula[4]: November and December 1808. Total coverage, 2 months.

King’s German Artillery, Flanders: September 1814 to July 1815. Total coverage, 11 months.

King’s German Artillery, Peninsula: November 1808 to June 1814. Total coverage, 79 months.

Royal Sappers and Miners, American Coast: June 1814 to February 1815. Total coverage, 9 months.

Royal Sappers and Miners, Cadiz: April 1810 to July 1814. Total coverage, 52 months.

Royal Sappers and Miners, Canada: November 1813 to July 1815. Total coverage, 21 months.

Royal Sappers and Miners, East Coast Spain: April 1813 to March 1814. Total coverage, 13 months.

Royal Sappers and Miners, Flanders: December 1813 to July 1815. Total coverage, 20 months.

Royal Sappers and Miners, Gibraltar: September 1808 to July 1815. Total coverage, 83 months.

Royal Sappers and Miners, Nova Scotia: January 1812 to July 1815. Total coverage, 43 months.

Royal Sappers and Miners, Peninsula: September 1808 to May 1814. Total coverage, 69 months.

Royal Sappers and Miners, Peninsula (Detachment) [5]: November and December 1808. Total coverage, 2 months.

Royal Sappers and Miners, Walcheren: August to November 1809. Total coverage, 4 months.

Royal Staff Corps, American Coast:[6] October 1814, January and February 1815. Total Coverage, 3 months.

Royal Staff Corps, Cadiz: April 1810 to September 1812. Total Coverage, 30 months.

Royal Staff Corps, East Coast Spain: April 1813 to March 1814. Total Coverage, 12 months.

Royal Staff Corps, Flanders: April to July 1815. Total Coverage, 4 months.

Royal Staff Corps, Nova Scotia: May to July 1815. Total Coverage, 3 months.

Royal Staff Corps, Peninsula: June 1809 to May 1814. Total Coverage, 60 months.

Royal Staff Corps, Walcheren: August to November 1809. Total Coverage, 4 months.

Wagon Train, Cadiz: April 1811 to September 1812. Total coverage, 18 months.

Wagon Train, Flanders: December 1813 to May 1814 and April to July 1815. Total coverage, 10 months.

Wagon Train, Peninsula (1):[7] September 1808 to June 1814. Total coverage, 70 months.

Wagon Train, Peninsula (2):[8] September to December 1808. Total coverage, 4 months.

Wagon Train, Walcheren: August to November 1809. Total coverage, 4 months.

Royal Barrack Artificers: September 1808 to November 1810 (Gibraltar – 27 months). Total coverage, 27 months.

1st Royal Marine Battalion: November 1813 to July 1814 (Canada – 9 months). Total coverage, 9 months.

2nd Royal Marine Battalion: October 1813 to May 1814 (Canada – 8 months); August and September 1814 (American Coast – 2 months). Total coverage, 10 months.

Royal Marine Artillery: July 1814 to July 1815 (Canada – 13 months). Total coverage, 13 months.

Notes:

[1] Includes RHA.

[2] Distinction is made for September and October 1808 between RA and RA Drivers, but since this is not sustained both are combined throughout. See monthly returns for individual figures.

[3] Relates to troops serving in Spain under Sir John Moore.

[4] Relates only to troops serving under Sir John Moore in Spain.

[5] Relates to troops serving under Sir John Moore in Spain.

[6] October 1814 figure relates to forces on passage.

[7] This data initially relates to the men of the Irish Wagon Train who accompanied Wellesley in 1808, remained in Portugal over the winter of that year, and were subsequently (exactly when is not clear) supplemented by troops of the Royal Wagon Train.

[8] This data relates to the initial detachment of the Royal Wagon Train who came out in 1808 and subsequently went into Spain with Moore whilst their Irish counterparts remained in Portugal.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2015 -April 2016

 

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