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31 December

More from Dominique Contant and Tom Holmberg on the Almanach of 1810 -- Chapter IX which is on the Navy and the Colonies

Sect. 1ère. Préfectures maritimes, Officiers généraux de la Marine, etc.
Sect. II. Administration des Colonies

Dr. Gabriel Vital-Durand examines the battle where the future Duke of Wellington destroyed the army of the Sultan Tippoo.

Seringhapatam: 4 mai 1799 (In French)

Another uniform study by Paul Dawson:

Uniforms of the Polish Artillery: 1812

More primary source documents from Greg Gorsuch on the 1806 French Campaign against Prussia:

Delegation of the Senate to H. M. the Emperor: 19 November 1806
The Capitulation of Hameln: 20 November 1806
Meeting of the Senate: December 5, 1806

Message of H. M. the Emperor and King, to the Senate: 21 November 1806
Report from Talleyrand to Napoleon: 15 November 1806

Députation du Sénat á S. M. l'Empereur: 19 novembre 1806
Capilulation d'Hameln: 20 novembre 1806

Séance du Sénat : 5 décembre 180

Mesage de Napoleon au Sénat : 21 novembre 1806
Rapport du Talleyrand à Napoleon: 15 novembre 1806

In our Reviews Section, Tom Holmberg reviews one of Greenhill Books' latest:

Napoleon's Shield and Guardian: The Unconquerable General Daumesnil

In our Statistical Abstract -- we have more on British Pay:

Allowances for Baggage and Forage for British Officers Taking to the Field 1804
Allowances for Captain for a Company of Infantry 1804
Allowances to British Officers and Soldiers Sent on Duty 1804
Allowances for British Officers Embarking on Foreign Service 1804
Allowances for British Officers returning from India on Leave of Absence 1804
Indemnification to British Officers for Losses Incurred on Campaign 1804
Allowances for British Officers returning on Recruiting Service 1804

Allowances for British Officers and Soldiers Sent on Duty 1804

We close the year with a couple of items from our sponsor -- Greenhill Books:

Greenhill Dictionary of Military Quotations

Why this book should be regarded as a Napoleonic title

Forthcoming Books in 2004

An impressive list of new books and old favorites that will be published in by Greenhill in 2004.

15 December

More on the Almanach of 1810 -- Chapter VII and Chapter VIII:

Chapter VII is on religion:

Sect. 1ère. Culte Catholique.
Sect. II. Cultes Protestans.
Sec. III. Culte des Juifs.  

Chapter VIII is on the military. Here you will find the names of the commanders of virtually every regiment in the French army!

Sect. 1ère. État-Major général de l'armée.    
Sext. II. Divisions militaires, leurs Commandans, Commandans et Adjudans de Place.

Sect. III. Inspecteurs-généraux et Chefs des corps des différentes armes, Vétérans.      

Gendarmerie Impériale.
Corps Impérial de l'Artillerie.       
Corps Impérial du Génie.       
Infanterie.  
Cavalerie.

Sect. IV- Inspecteurs aux Revues, Commissaires  des guerres.    

In our Biographies Section, Dr. Gabriel Vital-Durand examines in the controversial death of Admiral Caracciolo:

Une vie de gentilhomme des mers: L’amiral Francesco Caracciolo, duc de Brienza (In French)
The Life of a Gentlman of the Seas: Admiral Francesco Caracciolo, Duke of Brienza (The abridged English version.)

More from Paul Dawson on the Imperial Guard:

The Imperial Guard and Polish Nationalism: 1812-1814

Greg Gorsuch provides more primary source documents on the 1806 French Campaign against Prussia, including several more surrender documents:

Capitulation of the Town of Stettin: 29 October 1806
French Order of the Day: 2 November 1806
Letters Intercepted by the French
Note from French Chargé d'Affaires to the Prince of Hesse-Cassel: 29 October 1806
Proclamation of Marshal Mortier to the People of Hesse-Cassel: 31 October 1806
French Order of the Day: 8 November 1806
French Order of the Day: 9 November 1806
The Capitulation of the City and Fortress of Magdeburg: 8 November 1806
Articles for the Surrender of General Blucher: 7 November 1806
Dispatch to the King of Sweden on the French Army in Dalamatia: 15 October 1806

Capitulation de la ville de Stettin: 29 octobre 1806
Order du Jour: 2 novembre 1806
Lettres qui ont été interceptées par les francais
Note des Chargé d'Affaires français au Prince de Hesse-Cassel : 29 octobre 1806
Proclamation du maréchal Mortier: 31 octobre 1806
Ordre du jour
: 8 novembre 1806
Ordre du jour: 8 novembre 1806
La capitulation pour la ville et forteresse de Magdebourg: 10 novembre 1806
Capitulation du lieutenant-général de Blucher: 7 novembre 1806
Dépêche interceptée de M. de Duben au roi de Suède: 15 octobre 1806

Alexander Mikaberidze provides more updates in A Biographical Dictionary of Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars including:

General Sergei Mikhailovich Kamensky
Lieutenant General Peter Stepanovich Kotlyarovsky
Lieutenant General Afanasii Ivanovich Krasovsky
Major General Jacob Petrovich Kulnev
Lieutenant General Alexander Louis Andrault de Langeron
Lieutenant General Grigory Ivanovich Lisanevich
General Baron Karl Fedorovich Lowenstern
Major General Baron Vladimir Ivanovich Lowenstern
Lieutenant General Friedrich von Lowis of Menar
Lieutenant General Zakhar Dmitrievich Olsufiev
General Joseph Kornilovich O’Rourke
General Peter Aleksandrovih Tolstoy

30 November

Dominique and Tom provides Chapter V and Chapter VI in the Imperial Almanac of 1810! Chapter 5 is concerned with:

Sect. 1re.  Légion d'Honneur.           
Sect. II. Ordre des trois Toisons d'Or.                                    
Sect. III.   Ordre de la Couronne de Fer.                               
Sect. IV. Ordres Etrangers.  
Sect. V. Conseil du  Sceau  des Titres.      

Chapter 6 is about the government:

Sect. 1ère. Secrétairerie d'Etat.   
Sect. II. Départ. du Grand-Juge.
Sect.  III. Département des Relations Extérieures.                    
Sect. IV. Départ. de l'Intérieur.
Sect. V. Départ. des Finances.  
Sect. VI. Départ. du Trésor public.                        
Sect. VII. Depart. de la Guerre.
Sect. VIII. Départ. de l'Administration  de la Guerre. 
Sect. IX. Départ. de la Marine et des Colonies.      
Sect. X. Départ. de la Police générale.
Sect. XI. Départ. des Cultes.  

One of the most frequent requests we receive is for more maps. I am very pleased to announce that Alexander Mikaberidze has heard that call and has provided us with maps of the 1806 - 1807 Campaign in Eastern Europe from the Russian perspective. These maps are beautiful, in color, and have incredible detail! They were printed in 1847. Because they are so detail, they vary in size from 150 kb to 500 kb.

Pultusk, 14 [26] December 1806
Movement Before the Battle at Pultusk and Golymin
Golymin, 14 [26] December 1806
Sokhochin and Kolozomb, 11 [23] December 1806

Action at Czarnow, 11 [23] December 1806

Mohrungen, 13 [25] January 1807

Position at Jankovo and Action at Bergfried, 22 January [3 February] 1807

Retreat from Jankovo, 23, 24 and 25 January [4, 5, and 6 February] 1807

Hof, 25 January [6 February] 1807

Eylau: 26 January [7 February] 1807
Eylau: 27 January [8 February] 1807

Eylau: Evening of 27 January [8 February] 1807

Danzig in May 1807

Friedland: 2 [14] June 1807 (between morning and 5:00 p.m.)
Friedland on 2 [14] June 1807 (between 6:00 p.m. and midnight)

Actions Around Guttstadt Between 23 and 28 May [4 June 9 June] 1807

Positions at Heilsberg and the Advance Guard Action, 29 May [10 June] 1807

Heilsberg, 29 May [10 June] 1807

Military Operations From Heilsberg to Friedland, 10-14 June 1807

More primary source documents Greg Gorsuch on the French 1806 Campaign against the Prussians, including a letter from the surgeon who treated the dying Duke of Brunswick!

Capitulation of Erfurth: 15 October 1806
Capitulation of the Fortress of Spandau: 25 October 1806
Letter from a Senior Prussian on the Situation in Prussia: 18 October 1806
Letter from the Surgeon Who Treated the Duke of Brunswick's Wounds: 22 October 1806
Another Medical Bulletin on the Duke of Brunswick: 22 October 1806
Eyewitness Account of Napoleon's Entry into Berlin: 27 October 1806
Napoleon's Proclamation to the Army: 26 October 1806
Capitulation of the Prince of Hohenlohe's Column: 29 October 1806
Capitulation of the Saxon Corps to Marshal Soult: 29 October 1806
Report of Prince Hohenlohe to the King of Prussia on the Surrender of His Corps: 29 October 1806

Lettre au roi de la Prusse de Napoleon : 12 Octobre 1806
Capilulation d'Erfurth : 15 Octobre 1806
Capitulation de la Forteresse de Spandau : 25 Octobre 1806
Lettre écrite d'Helmstadt, dans le duché de Brunswick, le 18 Octobre 1806
Lettre du chirurgien qui traite la blessure du duc de Brunswick, au roi de Prusse : 22 Octobre 1806
Autre bulletin de la santé du duc de Brunswick : 22 Octobre 1806
L'Entrée de Napoleon dans Berlin : 27 Octobre 1806
Proclamation de l'Empereur et Ro i: 26 Octobre 1806
Capitulation de la colonne du prince de Hohenlohe : 29 Octobre 1806
Capitulation des Corps de Saxon : 29 Octobre 1806
Rapport de prince Hohenlohe au roi de la Prusse sur la reddition de ses corps : 29 Octobre 1806

Paul Dawson continues his study of the Imperial Guard in:

Tirailleurs de la Garde Imperiale: 1809-1815

Manuel Antonio Britos looks at a little known actionin the latter days of the Napoleonic Wars:

Le 4e  Régiment de Dragons à Nangis 1814 (in French)

Alexander Mikaberidze has updated many of the biographies in A Biographical Dictionary of Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars including:

Lieutenant General Carl Baggovut
General Peter Bagration
Lieutenant General Aleksey Nikolaevich Bakhmetyev
Major General Adam Ivanovich Balla
Lieutenant General Adam Ivanovich Bistrom
General Karl Ivanovich Bistrom
Lieutenant General Andrei Pavlovich Zass
Lieutenant General Peter Fedorovich Zheltukhin
Lieutenant General Sergei Fedorovich Zheltukhin
Lieutenant General Apollon Stepanovich Zhemchuzhnikov

 

15 November

Dominique Contant and Tom Holmberg brings us Chapter IV of the Imperial Almanach of 1810, which looks at the Sénat, Conseil d’état, Corps Législatif, Haute-Cour Impériale, Cour de Cassation, and the Cour des Comptes. 

Sénat
Conseil d’état
Corps Législatif
Haute-Cour Impériale
Cour de Cassation    
Cour des Compte    

Tony Broughton is back with the French Imperial Guard!

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815: The Bataillon de Marins
The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815: Regiment des Pupilles
Officer Casualties Suffered by the Garde Imperiale during the Years 1804 – 1815: Bataillon de Marin
Officer Casualties Suffered by the Garde Imperiale during the Years 1804 – 1815: Regiment des Pupilles

While Paul Dawson continues with his study of the Imperial Guard uniforms:

Uniform of the Drummers of the Grenadiers-á-Pied de la Garde: 1810-1815
Uniform of the Sapeurs of the Grenadiers-á-Pied de la Garde: 1810-1815
Uniform of the Officers of the Grenadiers-á-Pied de la Garde: 1810-1815

Greg Gorsuch provides more documents on the Franco - Prussian War in 1806. Several of them were written by Prussian officers and are accounts of the disaster at Jena - Auerstadt!

French Senate's Response to the Prussian Ambassador's Note: October 6, 1806
Napoleon's Proclamation to the Troops: October 6, 1806
Letter of a Prussian Officer to One of His Friends in Berlin. October 12, 1806
Note on the Battle of Jena: 15 October 1806
Letter from a Junior Prussian Officer: 17 October 1806
Notice from the French Military Governor to the People of Leipzig: 18 October 1806
Letter from de Mottzer to the Princess of Sweden on the Military Situation: 19 October
Letter of a Prussian Officer to His Brother on the Destruction of His Regiment: 16 October 1806
Letter by a King's Gendarme to His Wife: 17 October 1806
Letter to the Prussian Minister-of-State on the Political Situation in Germany: 12 October

La réponse du sénat français à Note de l'Ambassadeur prussien : Octobre 6, 1806
La proclamation de Napoléon à l'armée : Octobre 6, 1806
Lettre d'un officier prussien à un de ses amis à Berlin: Octobre 12, 1806
Note sur la Bataille d'Iéna
Lettre d'un officier prussien junior : 17 octobre 1806
Notification du gouverneur militaire français aux habitants de Leipzig : 18 octobre 1806 Lettre de de Mottzer à la princesse de la Suède sur la situation militaire : 19 octobre
Lettre d'un officier prussien à son frère sur la destruction de son régiment : 16 octobre
Lettre d'un gendarme de la maison du roi, à sa femme: 17 octobre 1806
Lettre à l'Ministre-de-État prussien sur la situation politique en Allemagne : 12 octobre

 

31 October

Tomorrow, 1 November, we start our annual auction. This is the primary fund-raising event we have to cover the Napoleon Series' operational expenses. Click on the following link to see many high quality items donated by our supporters. Bidding on the items will begin 1 November.

The Napoleon Series Auction

More from Imperial Almanach of 1810!

CHAPITRE II: Titulaires des grandes Dignités de l'Empire; Ministres et grands Officiers

CHAPITRE III: Maison de l'Empereur, de l'Impératrice, des Princes et Princesses; Maison militaire.

Maison de l'Empereur
Maison de l'Impératrice
Officiers qui composoient la Maison des Princes François montés sur des Trônes Etrangers
Maison de l'Impératrice Josephine
Maisons du Prince Borghese, Duc de Guastalla et de la Princesse Pauline, Duchesse de Guastalla
Maison de la Princesse Élisa, Grande-Duchesse de Toscane
Mason de Madame Mere de l'Empereur et Roi
Maison Militaire (A detailed listing of who was who in the Imperial Guard -- down to the company level!)

Tom Holmberg gives an Introduction in English to the Almanac

Matthew Zarzecny provides a look at the religious policies of Napoleon I and Napoleon III in:

Religion in Napoleonic France

Paul Dawson continues to examine the uniforms of Napoleon's Imperial Guard:

Uniform of the Grenadiers-á-Pied de la Garde: 1810-1815

The negotiations with the British have ended and France moves towards war with Prussia in our reprint of Eylau: Precis Des Travaux de la Grande Armée

Letter from Talleyrand to General Knobelsdorff of Prussia, 11 September 1806
Report from Talleyrand to Napoleon on Prussia: 3 October 1806
Report from Talleyrand to Napoleon on Prussia: 6 October 1806
Letter from Napoleon to the Senate Declaring War on Prussia: 7 October 1806

Note par Talleyrand à Général Knobelsdorff de la Prusse: 11 septembre 1806
Rapport de Talleyand à Napoleon sur Prusse: 3 octobre 1806
Rapport de Talleyand à Napoleon sur Prusse: 6 octobre 1806
Lettre de Napoleon à le Sénat sur Prusse: 7 octobre 1806

15 October

In another major first for the Napoleon Series, I am very pleased to announce our continuing of publishing long out-of-print books! This time we will be making available to the public for the first time in almost 200 years, a copy of "Almanach Impérial 1810". This is another joint effort by Dominique Contant and Tom Holmberg and the plan is to publish the Almanac in its entirety! It is 900 pages long, so rather than wait until all 900 pages have been transcribed and formated we have decided to place it on-line in sections! In the Almanac you will find the names of the various cabinet ministers of both France and other countries, information on the royal famlies of Europe, ambassadors, cardinals, and a host of other hard to find information. It is an incredible resource! Please note, that because of the size of this document and the fact that the French is fairly simple, we will not be translating it into English.

The first two installments are:

CALENDRIER (Calendar)
CHAPITRE Ier: Naissances et alliances, des Princes et Princesses de l'Europe, Cardinaux, Ministres d'Etat et de Cabinets des Puissances Etrangères, Ambassadeurs et Ministres des Puissances Etrangères résidant près Sa Majesté l'Empereur ; Ambassadeurs de Sa Majesté près les puissances Etrangères.  (Births and marriages of the Princes and Princesses of Europe, the Cardinals, the Ministers of State and the Cabinets of the Foreign Powers, and the Ambassadors and Ministers of the Foreign Powers resident at Paris; the Ambassadors of France attached to the Foreign Powers.)

Paul Dawson looks at the foot artillery of Napoleon's Imperial Guard:

Napoleon’s Foot Gunners: The Guard Foot Artillery

Alexander Mikaberidze provides us with plates from the Russian cavalry drill regulations of 1812:

Russian Cavalry Maneuvers in 1812

More Correspondence on the Franco - British Negotiations of 1806:

Letter from Lauderdale to Talleyrand about the New French Negotiator: 22 September 1806
Letter from Talleyrand to Lauderdale about Passports: 24 September 1806
Letter from Lauderdale to Talleyrand on the Futility of Further Negotiations: 26 September 1806
Letter from Talleyrand to Lauderdale on Napoleon's Feelings on Negotiations: 30 September 1806
Document from Czar Alexander Naming Mr. d'Oubril His Negotiator
The Franco - Russian Peace Treaty of 1806

Lettre de Lauderdale à Talleyrand au sujet du nouveau négociateur français : 22 septembre 1806
Lettre de Talleyrand à Lauderdale au sujet des passeports : 24 septembre 1806
Lettre de Lauderdale à Talleyrand sur la Futilité d'autres de négociations : 26 septembre 1806
Lettre de Talleyrand à Lauderdale sur les sentiments de Napoleon sur des négociations : 30 septembre 1806
Document de tsar Alexandre appelant M. d'Oubril son négociateur
Le Franco - Russe Traité de Paix de 1806

We finish the series on the Anglo - Frenc propaganda wars of 1804, with the last group of letters in French.

Lettres de personnalités politiques britanniques interceptées en janvier 1804 (Part IV)

In our Greenhill Books Section, Edward Ryan provides some insight on why he chose to write his latest biography in:

Napoleon's Shield and Guardian: the Unconquerable General Daumesnil

30 September

Matthew Zarzecny looks at Fench - American relations at the beginning of the 19th Century in:

The Influence of First Consul Bonaparte’s Supposed Plans for North America on the United States’ Foreign Policy, 1799-1804

We continue with the propaganda wars waged by the British and French in 1804. This time we have translations of the the first group of 50 documents and letters into French"

Lettres de personnalités politiques britanniques interceptées en janvier 1804 (Part III)

We now move to 1806 where the negotiations between the French and British Continue, as Napoleon gets involved:

Letter from Talleyrand to Lauderdale on Napoleon's Wish to Continue the Negotiations: 18 September 1806
Letter from Lauderdale to Talleyrand on His Willingness to Continue the Negotiations: 19 September 1806
Letter from Talleyrand to Lauderdale Informing Him that Mr. de Champagny is the New French Negotiator: 22 September 1806

Lettre de Talleyrand à Lauderdale sur le souhait de Napoleon pour continuer les négociations : 18 septembre 1806
Lettre de Lauderdale à l'énonciation de Talleyrand il continuera les négociations : 19 septembre 1806
Lettre de Talleyrand à Lauderdale l'informant que M. de Champagny est le nouveau négociateur français : 22 septembre 1806

In the Statistical Abstract we have information on how prize money was split in the British Army:

Distribution of Shares of Prize Money in the British Army

15 September

It seems like I learn something new every time I edit an article. This time Alex Mikaberidze looks at the Russian system of ranks that was instituted by Peter the Great in 1722, which survived until 1917!

Officer Ranks under Peter the Great’s “Table of Ranks” of 1722

More artwork from Spanish artist Dionisio Álvarez Cueto! If you have not had an opportunity to see his paintings, they are quite impressive!

The French Army in Spain in 1809
The British Army during the Retreat to Coruna (Updated)
The Spanish Army in 1808 (Updated)

Tom Holmberg and Dominique Contant provide 42 more letters printed by the French in the propaganda war with Great Britain in 1804:

Letters on British Politics Captured by the French in January 1804 (Part II)

Tom Holmberg also has added to his piece on French finances in

French Finances in 1799: Receipts for the Year VI

More on the Anglo - French negotiations in 1806:

Letter from Lauderdale Accepting Invitation to Dinner with the Minister of the Interior, Jean-Pierre Champagny: 29 August 1806
Letter from Lauderdale to Talleyrand Stating That further Negotiations Would be Futile
Letter from Talleyrand to Lauderdale Protesting the Breaking Off of Negotiations: 4 September 1806
Letter from Lauderdale to Talleyrand Offering to Serve as a Mediator between France and Russia: 15 September 1806

Lettre de Lauderdale acceptant l'invitation au dîner avec le ministre de l'intérieur, Jean-Pierre Champagny: 29 août 1806
Lettre de Lauderdale à Talleyrand déclarant que d'autres négociations seraient futiles
Lettre de Talleyrand à Lauderdale protestant l'interruption des négociations : 4 septembre 1806
Lettre de Lauderdale à Talleyrand offrant de servir de médiateur entre la France et la Russie : 15 septembre 1806

In the Statistical Abstract Section we have more on weights and measurements!

Conversion of English Naval Measurements into French Measurements Based on P. Steel
Conversion of English Naval Measurements into French Measurements Based on the Tables of Mr. Delambre
Conversion of English Naval Measurements into French Measurements Based on the Tables of Mr. Lacroix
The Russian System of Area and Their International Equivalents
The Russian System of Capacity and Volume and Their International Equivalents
The Russian System of Distances and Their European Equivalents
The Russian System of Weights
The Russian System of Weights and Their European Equivalents

Plus more on the French economy!

Total Trade: 1802 - 1807
Total Trade with the United States: 1802 - 1807
Total Trade with Great Britain: 1802 - 1803 & 1810 - 1813

31 August

The Napoleon Series has accumulated a huge amount of primary source material. This whole update is from primary source material and is the largest update we have ever had in the 8 years of the Napoleon Series. There are over 65 new items added!

In our Military Section, Bas de Groot has provided us with contemporary prints of Russian Cossacks in Holland during late 1813.

Russian Cossacks in Holland: 1813

More from Greg Gorsuch on Anglo-French Diplomacy in 1806:

Letter of British Pleniportentiary in Response to Tallyrand's Letter of 11 August: 11 August 1806
Follow-Up Letter of British Pleniportentiary in Response to Tallyrand's Letter of 11 August: 14 August 1806
Letter of British Pleniportentiary Announcing the Departure of Lord Yarmouth: 17 August 1806
Letter from Lauderdale to Talleyrand about the Delay in Receiving Passports: 22 August 1806

Lettre de Pleniportentiary britannique en Réponse à la Lettre de Tallyrand de 11 août 1806: 11 août 1806
Une autre Lettre de Pleniportentiary britannique en Réponse à la Lettre de Tallyrand de 11 août : 14 août 1806
Lettre de Pleniportentiary britannique annonçant le départ de Lord Yarmouth: 17 août 1806
Lettre de Lauderdale se plaignant au sujet du retard à recevoir des passeports: 22 août 1806

Dominique Contant and Tom Holmberg look at the propaganda war waged by the French against the British. In response to the British publication of letters from the French in Egypt intercepted by the Royal Navy the French published a selection of letters captured aboard the East Indiaman Admiral Aplin. We will publish them in both English and French. The first two parts will be the letters in English, while the last two parts will be the letters in French.

Letters on British Politics Captured by the French in January 1804 (Part I)

In our Statistical Abstract, Tom Holmberg provides us with information on French Finances during the An 12:

Total Expenditures in An 12 (22 September 1803 - 21 September 1804)
Total General Expenditures in An 12 (22 September 1803 - 21 September 1804)
Total Special Expenditures in An 12 (22 September 1803 - 21 September 1804)
Other Expenditures in An 12 (22 September 1803 - 21 September 1804)
Total Income from Special and General Funds in An 12 (22 September 1803 - 21 September 1804)
Income from General Funds in An 12 (22 September 1803 - 21 September 1804)
Income from Special Funds in An 12 (22 September 1803 - 21 September 1804)

We close with a review by Robert Goetz of a book translated and edited by Alexander Mikaberidze:

Russo-Turkish War of 1806-1812

15 August

Tom Holmberg provides us with background on the undeclared war that Denmark waged against American shipping in the North and Baltic Seas from 1807 - 1811.

Danish Privateering:  1807-11

Another major piece from Tom Holmberg! This time a translation and annotation of a contemporary look at the state of French governmental finances.

French Finances in 1799

We continue with the Anglo - French diplomacy of 1806:

Letter from Lauderdale, British Pleniportentiary to Paris to Charles Tallyrand, French Foreign Minister: August 9, 1806
Letter from Lauderdale, British Pleniportentiary to Paris to Charles Tallyrand, French Foreign Minister: August 10, 1806
Letter from Lauderdale, British Pleniportentiary to Paris to Charles Tallyrand, French Foreign Minister: August 11, 1806
Note from Henri Clarke to Lauderdale, British Pleniportentiary: August 11, 1806
Letter from Lauderdale, British Pleniportentiary to Paris to Charles Tallyrand, French Foreign Minister: August 11, 1806
Note from Charles Tallyrand to Lauderdale, British Pleniportentiary: August 11, 1806

Lettre de Lauderdale, Pleniportentiary britannique vers Paris à Charles Tallyrand, ministre des affaires étrangères de Français: Août 9, 1806
Lettre de Lauderdale, Pleniportentiary britannique vers Paris à Charles Tallyrand, ministre des affaires étrangères de Français: Août 10, 1806
Lettre de Lauderdale, Pleniportentiary britannique vers Paris à Charles Tallyrand, ministre des affaires étrangères de Français: Août 11, 1806
Note de Henri Clarke à Lauderdale, Pleniportentiary britannique: Août 11, 1806
Lettre de Lauderdale, Pleniportentiary britannique vers Paris à Charles Tallyrand, ministre des affaires étrangères de Français: Août 11, 1806
Note de Charles Tallyrand à Lauderdale, Pleniportentiary britannique: Août 11, 1806

We also updated the piece on the Latin credentials of Lauderdale, based on information provided by one of our contributors, Pedro Prieto -- who teaches Latin in Madrid!

Creditionals of British Ambassador Francis Seymour signed by King George III Dated 26 June 1806 (in Latin)

In our Military Organization Section we look at British army ranks and their naval equivalents:

British Army Ranks and Their Naval Equivalent

31 July

More on British-French diplomacy! This time Henri Clarke becomes involved.

Letter from Henri Clarke, French Secretary of the Cabinet, to Lauderdale, British Pleniportentiary to Paris; Not Dated
Letter from Lauderdale, British Pleniportentiary to Paris to Henri Clarke, Secretary of the French Cabinet: August 9, 1806

Lettre d'Henri Clarke, secrétaire du Cabinet français, au Pleniportentiary britannique: Aucune Date
Lettre de Lauderdale, Pleniportentiary britannique vers Paris à Henri Clarke, secrétaire du Cabinet français: 9 Août 1806

In our Reviews Section, Rory Muir provides us with a preview of an important new book that will be published in November:

Napoleon's Finest: Marshal Louis Davout and His 3rd Corps, Combat Journal of Operations, 1805 - 1807

In our Statistical Abstract, we have something different. It is a look at the various weights and measurements used at the time period. I am amazed that anything was ever accomplished!

British Measurements Equivalents in French Measurements
Converting British Weights and Measurements to Paris Weights and Measurements
Converting Swedish Weights and Measurements to British Weights and Measurements
The British System of Dry Measures
The British System of Liquid Measures
The British System of Measuring Distance
The British System of Solid or Cubic Measures
The British System of Square Measures
The British System of Weights: Avoir du Pois
The French Old System of Measuring Distance
The French Old System of Square Measurements
The French Old System of Weights: Poids de Marc
The Long Measure of Various Countries as Compared to the English Foot
The 100 Pounds Weight of Various Countries as Compared to the British 100 Weight (CWT)
The 100 Pounds Weight of Various Countries in Equivalent French Pounds
Various Countries' System of Measuring Distance in French Ells

15 July

In our continuing publication of the diplomacy between France and Great Britain in 1806, we have:

Creditionals of British Ambassador Francis Seymour signed by King George III Dated 26 June 1806
Creditionals of British Ambassador Francis Seymour signed by King George III Dated 26 June 1806 (in Latin)
Creditionals de l'Ambassadeur britannique Francis Seymour a signé près Roi George III, 26 juin 1806

Letter of British Pleniportentiary to Paris Dated 7 August 1806
Lettre de Pleniportentiary britannique vers Paris 7 août 1806

In the Statistical Abstract, we look at logistics:

Duchy of Brunswick: Authorized Daily Fodder Ration for Horses in 1815
Duchy of Brunswick: Authorized Daily Rations in 1815
Great Britain: Authorized Baggage and Camp Equipage (in Tons) for Officers Going on Foreign Service: 12 June 1799
Great Britain: Authorized Fodder for a Horse on Home Service in 1796
Great Britain: Authorized Rations for an Officer or Soldier in 1799
Great Britain: Authorized Substitute Rations for an Officer or Soldier in 1799
Great Britain: Estimated Tonnage of Equipment in 1801
Great Britain: Tents in 1801

In our Reviews Section, we have a review of a David Markham's new biography of Napoleon!

Napoleon’s Road to Glory: Triumphs, Defeats & Immortality

30 June

More on the diplomatic exchanges in 1806 between France and England:

Tallyrand's Response to Fox's Letter of 21 April 1806: June 2, 1806
Fox's Response to Tallyrand's Letter of 2 June 1806: June 14, 1806
Undated Letter from Fox to Tallyrand most Likely in Response to Letter of 2 June 1806

La réponse de Fox à la lettre de Tallyrand de 2 juin 1806: 14 juin 1806
La réponse de Fox à la lettre de Tallyrand de 2 juin 1806: 14 juin 1806
Lettre non datée de Fox très probablement en réponse à la lettre à de Tallyrand de 2 juin 1806

A rare biography in English of one of the best known generals in the Spanish Army:

General Joaquín Blake y Joyes

In our Statistical Abstract, we have more information on pay:

Discharged British Enlisted Soldier's Travel Pay in 1802
Number of Days a Discharged British Soldier would Receive Travel Pay in 1802

A review of a new book from Greenhill Books!

Wellington Invades France: The Final Phase of the Peninsular War 1813 – 1814

15 June

A major piece on British swordsmanship from Martin Read:

Cavalry Combat and the Sword: Sword Design, Provision, and Use in the British Cavalry of the Napoleonic Era.

A history of one of the oldest regiments in the French Army by Eman Vovsi:

Le 3e (Piémont) Régiment d’infanterie de ligne 1495-1815

Ron McGuigan continues with his study of the British Army during the early days of the Napoleonic Era:

The Forgotten Army: Fencible Regiments of Great Britain 1793 - 1816

More on the 1806 correspondence between the British and French Foreign Ministers.

Fox's Response to Tallyrand's Letter of 16 April 1806: April 21, 1806
La réponse Fox de à la lettre de Tallyrand de 16 avril 1806: 21 avril 1806

Tony Broughton looks at the Voltigeurs of the Guard:

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815: The Infantry Regiments Part IV The Voltigeur Regiments

Officer Casualties Suffered by the Garde Imperiale during the Years 1804 – 1815: The Infantry Regiments Part IV The Voltigeur Regiments

In our Battles Section, Mark McManus provides us with an article on Waterloo from a 19th Century Australian newspaper:

The Capture of a French General at Waterloo

In the Reviews Section, we have another review of Digby Smith's new book:

Charge! Great Charges of the Napoleonic Wars

 

31 May

Once again we have another huge up-date, with 10 different contributors from seven different countries!

One of the most contentious debates on the Series' Discussion Forum was on the conduct of French Marshal Suchet in Eastern Spain. Did he deserve his reputation of being a firm but just military leader in the war against the Spanish or was his conduct as harsh as the other French marshals in Spain? Three individuals (Dominique Contant, Robert Ouvrard, and Jonathan Cooper) leaped to his defense and have provided many primary source documents that show his repuation was well-earned.

Marshal Suchet and the Siege of Valencia

Ron McGuigan looks at the senior leaders and the regiments of the British Army in 1793:

The British Army: 1793

More on the French Imperial Guard Infantry -- this time the Chasseurs!

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815: The Infantry Regiments Part III The Chasseur Regiments

Officer Casualties Suffered by the Garde Imperiale during the Years 1804 – 1815: The Infantry Regiments Part III The Chasseur Regiments

The correspondence between Tallyrand and Fox is heating up and the Emperor is not too happy! I am amazed that not only were these letters received within a week of posting them, but the recipient also had enough time to formulate a reply to them! Maybe the postal system was not as bad as I thought it was! The next two letters from Eylau: Precis Des Travaux de la Grande Armée are:

Fox's Response to Tallyrand's Letter of 1 April 1806: April 8, 1806
La réponse de Fox à la lettre de Tallyrand de 1 avril 1806: 8 avril 1806

Tallyrand's Response to Fox's Letter of 8 April 1806: April 16, 1806
La réponse de Tallyrand à la lettre de Fox de 8 avril 1806: 16 avril 1806

It is easy to find information on the pay and rations for the British and French armies, but finding details for the smaller armies can be quite difficult. Gunter Janoschke has provided us with the pay and ration scales for the Saxon Army!

The Saxon Army Monthly Pay
The Saxon Army Daily Bread Ration
The Saxon Army Daily Fodder Ration for Officers' Horses

In the Reviews Section, we have a review of Digby Smith's new book:

Charge! Great Charges of the Napoleonic Wars

We close with an update to one of our bibliographies:

A Bibliography on the Army of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Waterloo Campaign, 1815

15 May

More Russian biographies in the award winning Russian Biographical Dictionary!

Lieutenant General Adam Ivanovich Bistrom
General Karl Ivanovich Bistrom
General of Cavalry George (Egorii) Arsenievich Emmanuel
General Joseph Kornilovich O’Rourke
Lieutenant General Egor Karlovich Sivers (Syvers)
Lieutenant General Karl Karlovich Sivers
General Auditor Alexander Pavlovich Zass
Lieutenant General Andrei Pavlovich Zass

One of the great things about the Series is that we can update older pieces as new information comes available. This time, Alex was able to provide images for older biographies in the Russian Biographical Dictionary.

General Baron Ilia Mikhailovich Duka
Lieutenant General Grigory Ivanovich Lisanevich
General Baron Karl Fedorovich Lowenstern
General Charles-André Pozzo di Borgo
Lieutenant General Emmanuel St. Priest

We continue to publish the official correspondence on the Eylau Campaign. Greg Gorsuch has provided the first five letters between Tallyrand and Fox. Greg has not only provided the documents in French, but also has translated them into English!

Eylau: Precis Des Travaux de la Grande Armée
Eylau: An Abstract of the Chronological Exploits of the Grand Army (English Translation)

And we end with a review by Ira Grossman of Emile Gueguen's book:

Napoleon: Humanitarian and Man of Peace

30 April

The Napoleon Series has a long tradition of publishing primary source material. Greg Gorsuch recently acquired a volume of official correspondence on the Eylau Campaign and has offered to let the Series republish it. The book was printed in 1807 and it appears to be a compendium of correspondence between the Napoleon and various countries, most notably Great Britain. The correspondence is followed by Napoleon's bulletins.  Our intention is to provide both the original material in French and a translation into English.  This is the first installment of the book.

Eylau: Precis Des Travaux de la Grande Armée

More on the French Imperial Guard from Tony Broughton!

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815: The Infantry Regiments Part II The Tirailleur Regiments

Officer Casualties Suffered by the Garde Imperiale during the Years 1804 – 1815: The Infantry Regiments Part II The Tirailleur Regiments

In our Research Section, Tom Holmberg provides information on U.S. legislation that was in response to the decision by the British government not to rescind their Orders in Council -- which was a form economic warfare.

Macon's Bill, Number 2. 1 May 1810

Alan Callendar updates what new Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Era material has been added to Gallica during March.

Material Added to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France's Gallica Site: 2003

In our Reviews Section, Matt Zarzeczny looks at three separate articles on religion in Revolutionary France.

An Analysis and Critique of Three Recent Articles on Religion during the French Revolution

We close with a review of a new book on Albuera:

The Fatal Hill: The Allied Campaign under Beresford in Southern Spain in 1811

15 April

This update is the largest update the Napoleon Series has ever done. There are over 60 new articles, documents, and images!

Tom Holmberg provides more on the legal mechanism the British used to wage economic warfare! This is an incredible piece of research, with 46 separate documents!

The Acts, Orders in Council, &c. of Great Britain [on Trade], 1793 - 1812

The Old Guard has arrived!

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815: The Infantry Regiments Part I

Officer Casualties Suffered by the Garde Imperiale during the Years 1804 – 1815: The Infantry Regiments Part I

But so have the Russian Regiments and their Commandrs!

Russian Jagers: the Life Guard Jagers and the 1st - 25th Jager Regiments

Russian Jagers: the 26th - 53rd Jager Regiments

Alan Callendar continues to update what new Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Era material has been added to Gallica each month!!

Material Added to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France's Gallica Site: 2003

Eman Vovsi gives us an eye-witness report of Borodino 2002!

Borodino 190 – that Great Battle under the Walls of Moscow

31 March

Eman M. Vovsi provides us with an order-of-battle for the French infantry at Borodono!

French Numbered Infantry Regiments At Borodino, 5 - 7 September 1812

A major piece from Tom Holmberg on the French trade laws designed to wage economic war against England!

French Decrees on Trade

The French Imperial Guard marches on!

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815: The Artillery Regiments

Officer Casualties Suffered by the Garde Imperiale during the Years 1804 – 1815: The Artillery Regiments

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815: The Engineers

More Russian Regiments and their commanders!

Chernigovski [Chernigov] Dragoon Regiment to the Chuguevski [Chuguevsk] Cossack Regular Regiment

More Speeches:

Napoleon's Speeches: 1815

In the Statistical Abstract Section we look at the awarding of the Legion of Honor:

Legions of Honor Awarded to French Light Infantry Regiments that Fought at Borodino: 5 - 7 September 1812

Legions of Honor Awarded to French Line Infantry Regiments that Fought at Borodino: 5 - 7 September 1812

We close with a review of a new book by one the Napoleon Series' team! David Markham's book is magnificent!

Imperial Glory: The Bulletins of Napoleon's Grande Armée

15 March

This is another huge update! Our first item is an article on the Russian regiments and their leaders. This paper was written in Russian in 1997 by Alexander Podmazo, who has given us permission to publish it in English on the Series. Alexander Mikaberidze has done a masterful job of translating it into English. The paper is so large, it will be placed on the Series over the next several months.

Chefs and Commanders of the Regular Regiments of the Russian Army: 1796-1815

Akhtiarski [Akhtiarsk] Garrisson Regiment to Azovski [Azov] Musketeer Regiment

Bakinski [Baku] Garrison Regiment to the Butyrski [Butyrsk] Musketeer Regiment

In another fascinating piece from Tom Holmberg. For those who liked reading what Thomas Jefferson thought of Napoleon, you will definitely enjoy his perspective of Great Britain!

Thomas Jefferson on Great Britain

More from Tony Broughton!

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815: The Cavalry Regiments Part II

Officer Casualties Suffered by the Garde Imperiale during the Years 1804 – 1815: The Cavalry Regiments Part II

More of Napoleon's speeches from Tom Holmberg!

Napoleon's Speeches: 1812 Russian Campaign
Napoleon's Speeches: 1813
Napoleon's Speeches: 1814 Campaign

In our Reviews Section, we have an unusual piece that looks at reviews and what they reveal about the reviewer and the historian.

Comments on Good and Bad Review Essays concerning Recent Napoleonic Historiography

One of the great things about the internet is our ability to update articles as new information. Tony has provided an update to:

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815: The Cavalry Regiments Part I

28 February

One of the most popular questions we receive is "Is Tony Boughton going to continue his study of French regiments"? I am pleased to say that he is and this time he is looking at the French Imperial Guard!

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815: The Cavalry Regiments Part I

Officer Casualties Suffered by the Garde Imperiale during the Years 1804 – 1815: The Cavalry Regiments Part I

A new article from Tom Holmberg on British defensive plans against a possible French invasion in 1798. Once again, Tom uses numerous primary source documents in this multi-part piece.

The Defense of Great Britain: 1798

More of Napoleon's speeches!

Napoleon's Speeches: 1807 - 1808
Napoleon's Speeches: 1808 Spanish Campaign
Napoleon's Speeches: 1809 War with Austria

In the Statistical Abstract:

Encoded Lines in American Dispatches from European Legations, 1789-1815
Deployment of U.S. and British Ships in North America: 1798
Deployment of U.S. and British Ships in North America: 1799
Deployment of U.S. and British Ships in North America: 1800

15 February

This update is probably one of the largest updates that we have ever done in a 15 day period! Over 30 separate files -- all but two are from primary source material! They are a great addition to the Series and the community as a whole!

All of us have our own thoughts on Napoleon. Tom Holmberg has provided us with a look on what one of Napoleon's contemporary's thought of him. This is not an essay, but numerous quotes on a variety of topics as they related to Napoleon! The author of the quotes was Thomas Jefferson, the 3rd President of the United States. They provide some great insight on how Napoleon was viewed by another head-of-state, who was often at odds with him, but often aligned with him.

Thomas Jefferson on Napoleon

In what will be a great service to our readers, Alan Callendar has begun compiling a list of all of the new Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Era material placed on Gallica each month!!

Material Added to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France's Gallica Site: 2002
Material Added to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France's Gallica Site: 2003

Tom Holmberg provides new material for our Napoleon's Speeches Section:

Napoleon's Speeches: The Austerlitz Campaign
Napoleon's Speeches: 1806
Napoleon's Speeches: 1806 - 1807 Campaigns

Plus several additions to his addresses given in Egypt and during the Marengo Campaign:

Napoleon's Speeches: The Egyptian Campaign
Napoleon's Speeches: The 2nd Italian Campaign

In a major new piece (consisting of 13 separate parts!) by Tom Holmberg, which also dovetails nicely with the material placed in the Statistical Abstract, he provides us with information on how Great Britain tried to destroy France's overseas commerce by placing restrictions on neutrals:

Great Britain: Orders in Council and Licenses: 1800-1810

In the Statistical Abstract, we have:

Great Britain: Average Price of Wheat Per Quarter, 1800-1814
Corn, Meal and Flour Imported into Great Britain from the United States, 1800-1814
Great Britain: Corn, Meal and Flour Imported from France: 1800-1814
Great Britain: Total Corn Imports, 1800-1814

Great Britain: Licenses for the Importation of Foreign Corn. 1803 to April, 1813

31 January

We always like to publish contemporary documents. Tom Holmberg was able to find a real gem on British light infantry regulations, prior to the reforms made by General Moore.

Light Infantry Exercise: As Ordered in His Majesty's Regulations for the Movement of the Troops

More of Napoleon's speeches from Tom Holmberg!

Napoleon's Speeches: The 2nd Italian Campaign
Napoleon's Speeches: 1803 - 1805

Tom also provides us with a review of a new book by Frederick Schneid:

Napoleon's Italian Campaigns, 1805-1815

In the Statistical Abstract, we have figures on something that is important to every soldier -- pay! The following are pay scales for the French Imperial Guard:

Etat-Major General in 1804
Administration in 1804
Artillery, Park, and Train in 1804
Bataillon des Matelots (Sailors) in 1804
Cavalry (Grenadiers, Chasseurs, Mameluks, and Gendarmes d'elite) in 1804
Infantry (Grenadiers, Chasseurs, and Veterans) in 1804
Hospital of the Guard at Gross-Caillou in 1804

15 January

The year 2003 marks the eighth year that the Napoleon Series has been on the internet. The past year was a milestone for the Series. We now have over 5,000 items on the Series -- over 2,200 articles and almost 3,000 images of battlefields, monuments, uniforms, personalities, weapons, and maps. We added almost 800 new items during 2002, many of them primary source documents from French, Spanish, Russian, and Dutch archives. Articles were published primarily in English, however we did publish many in French and Spanish!

The Napoleon Series also held its annual Writing Contest. The results of the Writing Contest will be announced on 15 March.

The Napoleon Series is truly a team effort. I first would like to thank all of those who contributed articles and material to our twice monthly update. These articles are the heart of the Series and are what make it the great place that it is!

Many people supported the Series over the past year. The first thank-you goes to the numerous people who donated items for our annual auction and also shopped at it! Their support allows us to keep the Series going! I would also like to thank George Nafziger and David Markham for providing the great prizes for this past year's Writing Contest!

We are also sponsored by the International Napoleonic Society, Greenhill Books, and the Nafziger Collection. Their unwavering support over years has been instrumental to the continuing success of the Napoleon Series!

I would be amiss if I did not publicly thank all of the editors who are actively involved in the day-to-day operations of the Series. In no particular order, they are:

Tony Broughton, the Research Editor. He has always been there to answer even the most obscure question! Few are aware, that many of the images that we use to illustrate the articles come from his private collection!

Tom Holmberg, the Reviews Editor. Every review published on the Series is edited by Tom first! He is a font of knowledge on British laws and treaties and has provided many statistics for the Statistical Abstract.

David Markham, Editor and Liaison with the International Napoleonic Society. David provides us with much valuable support and coordination with our sponsor.

Howie Muir, Editor and Forum Moderator. Howie edits many of the papers that are submitted and is the Forum Moderator -- a thankless job! :-) His efforts as the moderator has helped give the Napoleon Series Forum its reputation as the most scholarly and civil of all Forums on the internet!

Alexander Mikaberidze, Assistant Editor. Alex is the newest member of the team and has provided a Russian flavor! Along with his huge "Russian Biographical Dictionary of the Napoleonic Wars" (a great addition to the Series), he also provided primary source material from the Russian military archives, and a guide to the French Marshalate.

Once again we start the new year off with a wide variety of articles!

Tom Holmberg has undertaken a new project. He has compiled many of Napoleon's speeches, proclamations, and addresses. They will be in chronological order in can be seen at: Napoleon's Addresses. The first two parts to the project are:

Napoleon's Speeches: The Italian Campaign
Napoleon's Speeches: The Egyptian Campaign

We continue to add to the Statistical Abstract.

France: Artillery Budget for Purchasing and Transforming Iron and Steel
France: Iron Imports and Exports An V to 1814
France: Production of Fusils (Muskets) An IX to 1811

Great Britain: Full-Time Earnings, Adult Males. Index. 1781-1819
Great Britain: National Debt 1786, 1798, 1802, 1814, 1817
Great Britain: Infantry Pay 1797
Great Britain: Cavalry Pay 1797
United States: Export of Cotton to France 1801 - 1816
United States: Export of Tobacco to France 1800 - 1816

 

Enjoy!!

Robert Burnham
Editor-in-Chief
The Napoleon Series

 

 



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