The Napoleon Series: What's New?


31 December

The past 12 months have seen an incredible amount of new articles and other material added to the Napoleon Series. It seems like each month, the items just get better. This last update of 2002 is no exception! We have several new studies, primary source material, biographies, and some hard to find statistics for the Abstract. Enjoy!

A major new study by Robert Goetz on the development of the Russian Infantry Division:

Two new biographies from Alexander Mikaberidze for our Russian Biographical Dictionary:

Geert van Uythoven digs up some more primary sources on artillery!

Matthew Zarzeczny gives us an overview of the strained relationships between the United States and France in the waning years of 18th Century.

Tom Holmberg provides us with more data for the Statistical Abstract:

15 December

This update is a great mix of original articles and artwork, primary source material, and additions to the Statistical Abstract!

Robert Goetz gives us detailed information on the Russian Navy in the Mediterranean Sea:

We always like to publish primary source documents from our period. Geert van Uythoven provides a couple on the use of horse artillery!

Dominique Contant provides us with information on the French Infantry Demi-Brigade, as laid out by a law passed in 1793:

More artwork from Dionisio Álvarez Cueto:

So was Napoleon born in France? Not according to a treaty, unearthed by Dominique Contant!

More statistics from Tom Holmberg

And Bas de Groot provides us with a map to illustrate the his entries on geographical data of Utrecht Province in the Statistical Abstract:


30 November

More Russian biographies from Alexander Mikaberidze!

Pedro Prieto has provided more images for our battlefield tour of Almaraz. He returned to Fort Napoleon, which protected the French bridgehead, and examined the berm that was so critical to the British success in capturing the fort. These pictures also provide great detail on the material used to construct the fort.

More statistics from Tom Holmberg -- this time on Paris during the Napoleonic Era!

Finally, Lionel Leventhal has provided me with a list of books that Greenhill Books intends to publishe in 2003. Mr. Leventhal is the publisher of Greenhill Books and a long time sponsor of the Napoleon Series.


15 November

This update is our "Russian Update". Nine of the articles are somehow connected to the Russian Empire.

Alexander Mikaberidze provides us with something unusual -- a couple of primary source documents from the Russian Archives:

Robert Goetz takes us back to the Revolutionary Wars in:

We continue our Russian biographies from Alexander Mikaberidze!

We close with an update to Luis Sorando Muzás's piece on trophies captured at the battle of Albuera during the Peninsular War:

31 October

More Russian biographies from Alexander Mikaberidze!

In our Statistical Abstract we have more French Conscription figures from Dominique Contant!

Two reviews:

Ira Grossman reveals that

A review of Greenhill Books' latest.


15 October

If you have been following the History Forum closely, you will know that we have something huge coming from Luis Sorando Muzás! This time he looks at the flags carried by the Spanish defenders during the epic siege of Zaragoza (Saragossa). This incredible piece of research, provides us with a order-of-battle for the Spanish forces and information on the colors they carried. In many cases, he also provided color images of these flags!

Victor Blair looks at the diplomatic and military maneuvers of the government of Venice to keep its independence from the French in 1797:

  • Venice: Napoleon's Italian Thorn
  • Alex Mikaberidze continues to add more biographies to our Russian Biographical Dictionary!

    30 September

    Another massive update! We start off with a piece written by Tom Holmberg that provides an overview of the Civil Code (Code Napoleon):

  • The Civil Code: an Overview
  • To finish his study on French Artillery, Tony Broughton examines the Artillerie de Marine:

    Alex Mikaberidze continues to add more biographies to our Russian Biographical Dictionary!

    Alan Callender updates his listing of French "Staff" Studies on the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Eras.

    We also continue to update the Statistical Abstract, with statistics on American exports that Pat Flaherty sent us:

    15 September

    We have a new section on the Napoleon Series! Those of you who are interested in the Russians, will be particularly pleased with our latest addition:

    This will be an on-going project and we will be adding new biographies every update. The "Biographical Dictionary" is edited by Alexander Mikaberidze and it will contain biographies, not on just the famous generals, but also the obscure ones. Our first offerings include:

    More artillery from Tony Broughton! This time the horse gunners!

    We close with a pair of reviews of new books. The first is by Tom Holmberg:

    And a review of Greenhill Books' latest:

    A final note: Once again we are hosting the 4th Annual Napoleon Series Writing Contest. For more information on the rules, categories, prizes, and judges, click on the following link!


    31 August 2002

    Just in time for Borodino 2002! Alexander Mikaberidze takes a look at the composition of the Russian artillery at Borodino in:

    Back by popular request! Tony Broughton looks at the French foot artillery in:

    One of the great things about the Napoleon Series is that it is a co-operative effort. Our next group of articles were researched and translated by contributors in three different countries. Several months ago, Dominique Contant (from France) offered us primary source documents concerning the Waterloo Campaign, that he had discovered in the French Archives. Of course these were in 1815 vernacular French. Thanks to the translating efforts of Marc Moerman (from Belgium) and Ron McGuigan (from Canada), we are able to present this collection of reports and orders in both French and English! This was truly an international effort!

    We close with a review of a new book from The Nafziger Collection. This book was first published in 1841 and was written by Polish officer who served with the Polish horse artillery during the campaign.

    15 August 2002

    This week we have a mega-update! In what promises to be a very interesting series of articles, Terry Senior (the head of the French Commanders Study Group) provides us with a list of what he considers the best cavalry leaders in the French Army. This is not just a list however, he also provides biographies and justification for their selection on the list, for each of the individuals! There are twenty biographies, complete with images of these outstanding leaders. Considering past debate we have had on our Forum, at least one of these names will cause a stir!! Terry is hoping for feedback on his list! Remember, other readers will be interested in your comments also, so if you disagree with his rankings -- either by the placement of individuals on the list or not on the list -- lets hear about it on the Forum!

    Tom Holmberg continues his look at the suspension of civil rights by the British Parliament:

    I am pleased to announce a new member has joined the Napoleon Series Team: Alexander Mikaberidze! He is currently finishing his PhD at Florida State's "Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution" and will have his doctorate in November. He specializes on Russia and has written numerous papers for the Series. (Alex won the 1999 Writing Contest for his study on General Bagration.)

    And of course how can we forget that if he was alive, Napoleon would be 223 years old today!

    31 July 2002

    Tony Broughton finishes his study of the French Light Infantry:

    Tom Holmberg looks at the suspension of Habeus Corpus by the British Parliament:

    An update from Han Boersma to the bibliography he wrote with Geert van Uythoven & Bruno Nackaerts:

    In the Statistical Abstract - more from Dominique Contant and the French Council of State Archives!

    And we close with news of the latest release from our sponsor - Greenhill Books!

    15 July 2002

    Tom Holmberg has collected a variety of contemporary descriptions of Napoleon. If you have some that are not included in his article, he would like you to send them to him!

    Tony Broughton provides us with Part III of his study on the French Light Infantry:

    In our Government Section, Tom Holmberg has found some more legislation and decrees:

    Dominique Contant continues to dig material on conscription out of the Council of State archives. This week we look at French conscription in 1811!

    In the Statistical Abstract we have the conscription figures for 181. Here you will find quotas for France, Holland, Tuscany and Rome; how many men they had to send to the army and the navy; and which regiments they were to supply men for!!

    30 June 2002

    This week our readers provides us with more information drawn from primary source documents. We now have a translation of the material written by a Spanish priest in Romangordo in 1812, on the affect of the three year occupation by the French on the region:

    Tony Broughton provides us with Part II of his study on the French Light Infantry:

    Dominique Contant looks at conscription in 1806 in France. Digging in the archives of the Council of State, he was able to come up with the decree that recommended to Napoleon the number of men to be conscripted from each department and to what regiments they should go!

    In the Reviews Section, we have the latest from Greenhill Books:

    In our Statistical Abstract, more on conscription in France from the Council of State archives! These are companion pieces to the material above. Here you will find what departments were responsible for supporting which regiments and how many men they had to send to those regiments!

    We also look at French judicial system in:


    15 June 2002

    One of the most popular features we have had on the Napoleon Series is Tony Broughton's regimental studies of the French Army. Tony has agreed to continue them and this week he starts anew, with a look at the French light infantry regiments!!

    In the Statistical Abstract, we bring you more data drawn from primary source material. Tom Holmberg provides us with information on both military and civilian pay in:

    In the first of several parts on French conscription, Dominique Contant researched the records of the Council d'Etat and has given us information, by department, on the number of men eligible for conscription, the number excused for a variety of reasons, the number actually reporting for duty, and the number of those who failed to report!

    31 May 2002

    This update is unique for the Napoleon Series. Of the 15 new items, 10 are based on primary source documents!

    Mr. Pedro Prieto uses documents written by a parish priest in 1812 to examine the effects of the French occupation on the village of Romangordo

    More on the uniforms in the Peninsular War in 1808 from Spanish artist Dionisio Álvarez Cueto

    In our Reviews Section, Tom Holmberg reviews three different books:

    - a new one from Greenhill Books: 1815: The Return of Napoleon

    - a look at the how the French Ministry of War operated: Henri Clarke, the Ministry of War, and the Evolution of Military Administration During the French First Empire, 1800-1814

    - another look at looks at a book on Napoleon from the "Reputations Series" Napoleon

    In our Statistical Abstract Section we have a goldmine of information taken from primary source documents.

    - Dominique Contant provides us population statistics taken from the French Conseil d’Etat, 18 Janvier 1808:

    - Bas de Groot continues to provide us with information from the 1815 survey of the Province of Utrecht

    15 May 2002

    Bob Goetz brings us more on the Campaign in Eastern Europe in December 1806. This is the 3rd part on the French crossing of the Wkra River.

    In our Biographies Section, Alexandre Mikaberidze has written a handy guide to the French Marshalate! Here you can find out dates of birth, death, mariages, wives names, children, dates of rank, etc.

    In our Statistical Abstract, Bas de Groot provides us a look at the Dutch province of Utrecht in 1815. This information is a geographer's goldmine! In it, you find information on population, religion, military billeting, and economic activity, among others! This provides us with a snapshot of what life was like in one region of Europe during the period.

    30 April 2002

    The Spanish have arrived in force! This week's update has articles by three different people from Spain!

    We occasionally get to showcase the talents of different artists. I am pleased to be able to display the work of Dionisio Álvarez Cueto, from Madrid Spain in:

    More on Spanish flags from Luis Sorando Muzás! This time

    Although informaton about a battle or campaign is relatively easy to find, it is much harder to find detailed information on the history of the locale or the impact the battle had on area -- for once the battle is over, the area holds little interest to those studying the period. In a companion piece to the Virtual Tour of the Destruction of the Bridge at Almaraz, Mr. Pedro Prieto provides us a short history of the the area surrounding the bridge, including the village of Romangordo, which had considerable damage done to it by the French. He also tells of some of the legends about the area, including how some of the key terrain in the battle received the names it did.

    Alan Callender continues his look at the official staff studies. This time its

    Hans Boersma updates the piece on the Dutch Army

    In our Reviews Section we have a pair of reviews:


    15 April 2002

    One of the great things about the internet is that it allows one to meet people, you never would have had the opportunity to do so before. Recently, Mr. Pedro Prieto contacted me about the Napoleon Series Virtual Tour of the destruction of the French pontoon bridge at Almaraz. Mr. Prieto grew up in the area where the battle took place and provided an immense amount of new information on the area. Recently he took a trip to the area, and spent several days exploring and photographing the different forts and various routes of march. His research allowed us to pinpoint the route General Hill's troops took in the middle of the night, which up until that point was a bit of a mystery! In addition to the new information, he also provided numerous photographs that expanded the tour threefold!

    One of our goals for this year is to continue to expand the Statistical Abstract. We have added a new section: Geography. This will cover geographic matters, such as use of terrain, types of terrain, etc.


    31 March 2002

    Tony Broughton finishes his massive study on the French infantry regiments, with his 16th installment!

    Robert Goetz continues with his look at little known battles during Napoleon's 1806 - 1807 Campagin in Eastern Europe:

    In a very timely piece, Alan Callender provides us with a listing of French "Staff" Studies on the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Eras. This is an incredible list!

    In an unusual piece, involving the efforts and photographic collections of four different people, we have a new addition to our Virtual Battlefield Tours:

    We conclude with a review of Mark Urban's new book:

    15 March 2002

    The contributors to the Napoleon Series come from a variety of countries and this week's update reflects this!

    Robert Goetz looks at a little known battle during Napoleon's 1806 - 1807 Campaign in Eastern Europe:

    Luis Sorando Muzás provides us with a pair of articles, one in English, the other in Spanish, on trophies captured at the battle of Albuera:

    More from Tony Broughton!

    A pair of reviews:

    Tom Vance looks at a book on Napoleon from the "Reputations Series"

    And a look at the latest from Greenhill Books -- Guy Dempsey's

    Finally, in our Statistical Abstract Section, we have figures on the impact of the typhoid epidemic that swept through Central Europe in 1813 - 1814.

    28 February 2002

    In what I am hoping will be the first in a series of articles on the flags of the Spanish Army, Luis Sorando Muzás provides us detailed information on

    More from Tony Broughton the various French infantry regiments!

    And if that was not enough, Tony also looks at:

    Ira Grossman reviews a classic written by Napoleon himself!

    We conclude with a review of a new French memoir in English!

    15 February 2002

    We conclude Robert Goetz's article on the Russian Army:

    And we have the final installment of:

    More from Tony Broughton the various French infantry regiments!

    A review by John Lawrence Tone of a new book on Napoleon and his empire by Annie Jourdan:

    31 January 2002

    Tony Broughton continues with his the study on the various French regiments. This update marks his 45th installment in this incredible piece of research!

    We have part three of Robert Goetz's article on the Russian Army:

    We continue our look at the problems in the Russian chain-of-command during the 1812 Campaign:

    Occasionally we will have an update of an older piece that we have published -- usually six months or so later. However, a recent bibliography solicited several new items, that the authors asked us to do an update. This is great - for this exchange of information between enthusiasts shows how dynamic studying the Era can be!

    In our Reviews Section, there is a review of Rory Muir's new book:

    We close with an announcement by one of Greenhill Books, one of our sponsors. For those of you who have waited patiently for Guy Dempsey's new book on mercenaries, there is good news.

    15 January 2002

    The year 2002 marks the seventh year that the Napoleon Series has been on the internet. The past year was a big year for the Series. We published over 250 new items, including almost 100 new articles, 27 reviews, 15 treaties and pieces of legislation, 27 reviews of books and other material, original strength returns from the Italian Army Archives, and a first for us, never published before, original letters from the period! Additionally, we re-published, three long out-of-print uniform booklets.

    Articles were published primarily in English, however we did publish some in French and Spanish! Over 30 people, from 11 different countries on 4 continents contributed articles, reviews, and other material to the Napoleon Series. These statistic demonstrates how international in scope the Napoleon Series truly is!

    Our major focus during 2001 was to provide a Statistical Abstract of the Napoleonic Era as a research tool for our readers. We published almost 100 tables on the different aspects of the armies and navies, economies, governments, and populations of the many countries of the the era. The purpose of the Abstract is to provide data for researchers. This data included casualty figures, pay charts, food prices, etc. We plan to continue expand the Abstract during 2002.

    The Napoleon Series also held two contests during 2001: a Reviews Contest, which was won by Kevin Kiley, and a Writing Contest. The results of the Writing Contest will be announced on 1 March.

    The Napoleon Series is truly a team effort. I first would like to thank all of those who contributed articles and material to our twice monthly update. These articles are the heart of the Series and are what make it the great place that it is!

    Many people supported the Series over the past year. The first thank-you goes to the numerous people who donated items for our annual auction and also shopped at it! Their support allows us to keep the Series going! I would also like to thank George Nafziger and David Markham for providing the great prizes for this past year's Writing Contest and Tom Holmberg who donated the prize for the Reviews Contest!

    We are also sponsored by the International Napoleonic Society, Greenhill Books, and the Nafziger Collection. Their unwavering support over years has been instrumental to the continuing success of the Napoleon Series!

    I would be amiss if I did not publicly thank all of the editors who are actively involved in the day-to-day operations of the Series. In no particular order, they are:

    Tony Broughton, the Research Editor. He has always been there to answer even the most obscure question! Few are aware, that many of the images that we use to illustrate the articles come from his private collection!

    Tom Holmberg, the Reviews Editor. Every review published on the Series is edited by Tom first! In addition to running the Reviews Contest, he was the driving force behind the Statistical Abstract -- providing most of the non-military data from a host of sources!

    Martin Liechty, Webmaster. Martin oversaw our migration to our new server and re-designed much of the Series struture and artwork! It was through his tireless efforts we were able to have a very smooth transition to our new home!

    Alan Hills, Newsletter Editor. Alan publishes our monthly Napoleon Series Newsletter! It allows those who can not visit the Series on a regular basis, the opportunity to stay in touch with our latest developments!

    David Markham, Editor and Liaison with the International Napoleonic Society. David provides us with much valuable support and coordination with our sponsor.

    Howie Muir, Editor and Forum Moderator. Howie is the newest member of the Team. He edits many of the papers that are submitted and has bravely volunteered to be the Forum Moderator -- a thankless job! :-) His efforts as the moderator has helped give the Napoleon Series Forum its reputation as the most scholarly and civil of all Forums on the internet!

    We start the new year off with a wide variety of articles!

    Tom Holmberg continues to delve into the diplomatic history of the period and this time he provides us with a comprehensive look at the British re-action to the failure of the Peace of Amiens in 1803:

    A pair of articles by Kevin Kiley, that should stir controversy on the Forum!

    Victor Blair provides us with a new look at possible causes of Napoleon's death.

    We have part two of Robert Goetz's article on the Russian Army:

    We continue our look at the problems in the Russian chain-of-command during the 1812 Campaign:

    Tony Broughton continues with his study on the French infantry in:

    Kevin Kiley continues to review material for us. This time he examines the dean of Napoleonic history magazines, "La Sabretache":

    Tom Holmberg reviews:


    On a final note. The Napoleon Series produces a newsletter that provides the highlights of the previous month. If you do not already receive it and would like to receive the newsletter via e-mail, drop a line to Alan Hills at:



    Robert Burnham
    The Napoleon Series



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